ANS+103+Euthanasia

ANS+103+Euthanasia - 10/26/2010 1 Euthanasia Why do we talk...

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Unformatted text preview: 10/26/2010 1 Euthanasia Why do we talk about euthanasia? production animals slaughter laboratory animals end of experiment death as an endpoint death as an endpoint companion & zoo animals old age emergency wild animals emergency pest management Definitions slaughter = routine killing of a normal animal culling = killing of farm animals deemed unprofitable sacrifice = humane killing of animals in research euthanasia = good death; according to text, applies companion & zoo animals implies no pain & distress AVMA definition: act of inducing a humane death in an animal 10/26/2010 2 http://www.avma.org/issues/animal_welfare/euthanasia.pdf Background in 1999, AVMA Council on Research requested revision of existing Panel Report (1993) to include: research animals animals in animal care & control facilities ectotherms, aquatic & fur-bearing animals horses & wildlife in 2000, AVMA agreed to convene a panel every 10 years to re-evaluate & update recommendations Criteria 1. ability to induce loss of consciousness and death without causing pain, distress, anxiety, or apprehension; 2. time required to induce unconsciousness; 3. reliability; 4. safety of personnel; 5. irreversibility; 6. compatibility with requirement and purpose; 7. emotional effect on observers or operators; 8. compatibility with subsequent evaluation, examination, or use of tissue; 9. drug availability and human abuse potential; 10. age and species limitations; 11. ability to maintain equipment in proper working order; and 12. safety for predators/scavengers should the carcass be consumed 10/26/2010 3 Euthanasia should... result in rapid unconsciousness followed by cardiac or respiratory arrest ultimate loss of brain function ultimate loss of brain function minimize stress/anxiety experienced by the animal prior to unconsciousness Requires technical proficiency and humane handling of the animals to be euthanatized Behavioral considerations: distress vocalizations, fearful behavior, and release of certain odors or pheromones by a frightened animal may cause anxiety and apprehension in other animals Therefore, whenever possible, other animals should not be present when euthanasia is performed Behavioral considerations: for companion animals & animals habituated to humans gentle restraint, preferably in a familiar environment, careful handling, and talking during euthanasia for wild animals or animals that are injured or diseased tranquilizers, analgesics, and/or immobilizing drugs first 10/26/2010...
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ANS+103+Euthanasia - 10/26/2010 1 Euthanasia Why do we talk...

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