NPB+112+2011+intro

NPB+112+2011+intro - 1 Occipital lobe Cerebellum Spinal...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Occipital lobe Cerebellum Spinal cord Temporal lobe Parietal lobe Pons Medulla Frontal lobe Central sulcus Sylvian fissure Cerebral cortex • Ancient cultures: heart, not brain, is seat of intelligence and the soul – Egyptian embalming: heart was saved and brain was thrown out • Aristotle: main function of brain is to act as a sponge, cooling blood so that the heart could function at an optimal temperature. 2 Cognitive functions according to Robert Fludd (early 1600s). While some functions are in the brain, others are outside. Intellect is not just an epiphenomenon of brain activity, but is linked with outside forces such as God (dualism). Picture from 1500s, showing cognitive functions associated with the brain 3 Drawing by the mystic Paracelsian alchemist, Robert Fludd, 1619. The brain is depicted as the eye of the imagination. Five was Fludd’s favorite number. Shown are 5 images: an obelisk, the Tower of Babel, Tobias and the Angel, a ship, and the last judgment. Fludd does not elucidate...
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NPB+112+2011+intro - 1 Occipital lobe Cerebellum Spinal...

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