Topic_02 - GE125 Ethics and Sustainability SOC10236 Ethics...

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1 GE125 Ethics and Sustainability SOC10236 Ethics and Sustainability Aster Cheuk Topic 2
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2 Objectives define and contrast moral relativism and moral absolutism define and contrast cultural relativism and cultural absolutism explain how near absolutes can provide basic moral principles to govern human behaviour describe divine command theory describe a Taoist view of ethics and ecology describe the social ethics of selected indigenous traditions discuss the morality of Government interference in religious beliefs
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3 Ethics vs. Morality What’s the difference? Is one superior to the other?
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4 Ethics vs. Morality Ethics= a theory of behavior Morality = a practice of behavior
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5 What do we deal with in Ethics? Means vs. End Do the ends always justify the actions? Morality vs. Religion Which impacts behavior? What you believe you should do vs. what you do
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6 Ethics are actions that are correct Ethics are: Magically based on feelings Religiously based on values Scientifically based on observation and research of events
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7 Magic Intuition Superstition Old tapes Psychodynamics
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8 Religion A set of beliefs about the world A moral code for being in the world Prescriptions or right and wrong
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9 Science Problem-solving based on observable, repeatable knowledge Research-based Rational and logical
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10 Ethical Principles Protection of Life Equality and Inequality Autonomy and freedom Least Harm Quality of life Privacy and confidentiality Truthfulness and full disclosure
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11 Absolutism Absolutists believe in the existence of moral absolutes which when expressed as principles and rules, should never be broken. They believed there are absolute rules to govern human behaviour.
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12 Relativism Moral relativists who believe there are no absolute truths and that morality is only relative to a specific culture, nation or individual. Ethical relativism holds that there are no universal ethical standards that apply to all societies all of the time, and that each society has its own moral guidelines for determining right and wrong. Ethical relativism could apply to any group, whereas cultural relativism is the view that different morality is due to cultural differences.
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13 What is culture? Culture is a society’s (or group’s) system of shared, learned values and norms; as a whole, these values and norms are the society’s (or group’s) design for living Values: abstract ideas about the good , the right , the desirable Norms: social rules and guidelines; determine appropriate behavior in specific situations Folkways: norms of little moral significance dress code; table manners; timeliness Mores: norms central to functioning of social life – bring serious retribution: thievery, adultery, alcohol
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14 Culture Knowledge of customs and social conventions are learned from observation, practice and
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This document was uploaded on 03/26/2011.

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Topic_02 - GE125 Ethics and Sustainability SOC10236 Ethics...

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