Topic_10 - GE125 Ethics and Sustainability Topic 10 Applied...

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1 GE125 Ethics and Sustainability Topic 10 Applied Ethical Issues II
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2 Objectives discuss the morality of human cloning discuss the ethical issues arising from scientific advances in biotechnology evaluate the case for and against the genetic modification of plants and animals explain the objectives and moral case for ethical investment discuss the morality of mass medication
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3 Objectives evaluate the case for and against economic globalisation evaluate the impact of globalisation on culture discuss the implications of globalisation for the transition to an ethical and sustainable society provide examples of the social and economic exploitation of children discuss ethical issues arising from the exploitation of children discuss the ethics of compulsory mass medication
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4 Cloning Cloning refers to the copying of biological material . As of February 2005 there are no verified accounts of human beings produced from cloning. Dolly the sheep was produced from the cell of an adult sheep. She produced natural offspring but was euthanized in 2003 as she was suffering from terminal disease. Many other animals have been cloned but the procedure is highly experimental with many reported failures including low fertility rates and abnormalities in animals produced.
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5 Cloning Methods 1. DNA cloning is commonplace and involves transferring a DNA fragment to a foreign host for replication . This was the method of cloning referred to in the Jurassic Park movies where fictionally dinosaurs were created from DNA recovered from insects preserved in amber. 2. Reproductive cloning transfers genetic material from the nucleus of the donor to an egg whose nucleus has been removed. The egg is treated and when it reaches a suitable stage of embryonic development, it is implanted into the uterus of a female host. This is the method used to produce Dolly the sheep in 1996.
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6 Cloning Methods 1. Therapeutic cloning is not a form of reproductive cloning as it produces (human) embryos for medical research rather than for reproduction of (human) living beings. Stem cells harvested from the embryos provide information concerning human development relevant to new methods for treating disease . There has been considerable attention in the media concerning the potential of treating Parkinson’s disease with stem cell research, involving the implantation of healthy cells into humans. However the ethics of producing human embryos or using aborted human embryos for research is highly controversial.
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7 Objections to Cloning The religious argument that only god should create human life A natural view that life is and should be created from sexual reproduction Its violation of natural diversity whereby every living thing is unique. Clones are copies of something else Social concern as to the integration of the cloned individual into family and community
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Utilitarian Perspective From a utilitarian perspective cloning is
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Topic_10 - GE125 Ethics and Sustainability Topic 10 Applied...

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