2011ch3values - University of California -Berkeley Spring...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Dr. Kaiping Peng University of California -Berkeley Spring 2011 CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY Week 4 Culture as Value Systems
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Dr. Kaiping Peng What is value system? Values are principles that guide our lives. They are designed to lead us to our ideal world (Schwartz, 1992) Transcend specific situations Guide selection or evaluation of behaviors and events Ordered by relative importance (value systems) Culture is shared values that characterize a society
Background image of page 2
3 Dr. Kaiping Peng 1. Kluckhohn & Strodbeck’s (1961) Value Orientations Theory All human societies must answer a limited number of universal problems, but that different cultures have different preferences among them. Suggested questions include humans' relations with time, nature and each other, as well as basic human motives and the nature of human nature.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Dr. Kaiping Peng Value Orientations Theory ± The nature of people (good, bad or mixture) ± Person’s relationship to the external environment ± Person’s relationship with other people ± Primary mode of activity ± Person’s temporal orientation
Background image of page 4
5 Dr. Kaiping Peng Examples of items measuring Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck “Relational Value Orientations” When our group sends a delegate to a meeting I think it best – a) to let everyone discuss it until everyone agrees on the person Collateral b) to let the important leaders decide. They have more experience than us Linear c) for a vote to be taken and the one with the most votes goes even if some people disagree Individualistic
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6 Dr. Kaiping Peng Examples of items measuring “Humanity and Natural Environment Value Orientations” When I get sick I believe a) doctors will be able to find a way to cure it Mastery b) I should live properly so I don’t get sick Harmony c) I cannot do much about it and just have to accept it Subjugation
Background image of page 6
7 Dr. Kaiping Peng Examples of items measuring “Time Value Orientations” When I send money for use overseas I think it should be spent to - a) make a better life for the future (Future) b) make a better life now (Present) c) keep the old ways and customs alive (Past)
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
8 Dr. Kaiping Peng 2. Milton Rokeach’s Value Categories Terminal values. Preferences concerning the ends to be achieved (e.g., equality, freedom, happiness salvation, self-respect, etc.) Instrumental values Preferences for the means to be used in achieving desired ends (e.g., honest, courageous, polite, responsible, etc.)
Background image of page 8
9 Dr. Kaiping Peng The Rokeach Value Survey TERMINAL VALUES INSTRMENTAL VALUES A COMFORTABLE LIFE AMBITIOUS AN EXCITING LIFE BROAD-MINDED A WORLD AT PEACE CAPABLE EQUALITY CHEERFUL FREEDOM CLEAN HAPPINESS COURAGEOUS NATIONAL SECURITY FORGIVING PLEASURE HELPFUL SALVATION HONEST SOCIAL RECOGNITION IMAGINATIVE TRUE FRIENDSHIP INDEPENDENT WISDOM INTELLECTUAL
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
10 Dr. Kaiping Peng Empirical Evidences
Background image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 166A taught by Professor Peng during the Spring '11 term at University of California, Berkeley.

Page1 / 36

2011ch3values - University of California -Berkeley Spring...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online