2011ch6meaning

2011ch6meaning - University of California -Berkeley Spring...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Dr. Kaiping Peng University of California -Berkeley Spring 2011 CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY Week 7 Culture as Meaning System
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Dr. Kaiping Peng Culture as meaning system Culture: A dominant symbolic meaning system (including language, ideas, knowledge, theories and beliefs, etc.) sustained and transmitted over generations by members of a given society, which then shape the member’s psychological processes.
Background image of page 2
3 Dr. Kaiping Peng Concrete and symbolic meanings n The room is too hot” concrete object (room temperature) n “You are hot” symbolic meaning, metaphorical
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Dr. Kaiping Peng 1. Language as meaning system n Language is the means by which we communicate verbally. n We use it for socialization and for communicating how values and norms are expressed and understood. n There are approximately 20 different language families that cut across national borders. n Not only are words different, but also syntax and usages are also quite different between language families.
Background image of page 4
5 Dr. Kaiping Peng Numbers of speakers of major languages (estimated)
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6 Dr. Kaiping Peng B. Language Barrier: Meaning lost in translation n The perils of translation (You are invited to take advantage of the chambermaid; We take your bags and send them in all directions; the frequent speaker) n Blind side (How many f s in this sentence?) n Speech accommodation n Speech pragmatics (―My wife is not very clever‖)
Background image of page 6
7 Dr. Kaiping Peng How many Fs in this sentence? FINISHED FILES ARE THE RESULT OF YEARS OF SCIENTIFIC STUDY COMBINED WITH THE EXPERIENCE OF YEARS.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
8 Dr. Kaiping Peng C. Theory on language and human behavior Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis Language influences people‟s perception of the world n “Weak version”: Linguistic relativity: Lexical and syntactic differences are accompanied by non-linguistic cognitive differences. (I.e., one term vs. two), Thus Cultural differences in thinking are accompanied by linguistic differences between cultures. n “Strong version”: Linguistic determinism: Cultural thinking differences were direct results of differences in their languages.
Background image of page 8
9 Dr. Kaiping Peng a. The Foundations of Linguistic Anthropology Edward Sapir (1884—1939) and his student Benjamin Whorf (1897—1941) n Linguistic research among Native Americans n Sapir: lexicon or vocabulary, Whorf: Grammatical structures
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
10 Dr. Kaiping Peng b. Language and color perceptions n Much of the initial research focused on an aspect of language which varies widely across cultures: Color terms. n There are a few languages which have only two color terms, and some with three. Most languages draw their color names from 11 specific colors.
Background image of page 10
11 Dr. Kaiping Peng Universalism in color terms Berlin and Kay (1969) examined 78 languages and found that 11 basic color terms form a universal hierarchy. This hierarchy of color name used in human language is as follows: All language contain terms for white and black; If a language contains three terms, it also contains a term for red. If a language contains four terms, it also contains a term for either green or
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 166A taught by Professor Peng during the Spring '11 term at Berkeley.

Page1 / 57

2011ch6meaning - University of California -Berkeley Spring...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online