20116134957 - PSYCHOLOGY 166AC Professor Kaiping Peng...

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PSYCHOLOGY 166AC Professor Kaiping Peng 03/01/11 Lecture 13 ASUC Lecture Notes Online is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Do not share, copy or illegally distribute (electronically or otherwise) these notes. Our student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. D O N O T C O P Y Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course. ANNOUNCEMENTS Your 5 points for participating in our study will be added to your midterm score; all but 2 of you participated. I don’t want the 2 of you to be left out so I will give you 5 points also, but please come and talk to me and help us out if yo u wish. It’s not really fair to the other students for me to give you the 5 points without your participation. LECTURE False Uniqueness Effect (FUE) . The FUE is a common phenomenon described by social psychologists. If you ask students how many people they know have higher intellectual abilities than you do, people underestimate the commonality of good traits and overestimate the uniqueness of their own good traits. If you ask how many in this class think that if they work hard they will score higher than half the class, far more than half the class will say that they will. But that cannot be mathematically true. Generally 75% of people believe they will do better than half of the people in the class, which is impossible 25% must be wrong. If you ask New York City cab drivers how many other cab drivers they drive better than, they will say they drive better than 95% of the others, which can’t be true. The FUE is more common among people with independent self construals where they believe that the self is important and something they define and that they create their own fates. People with interdependent self construal believe that social relations and group relations define them. Individual traits may be less important so we see less of the FUE. Japanese students show less of the FUE, while Americans show a lot of it. Choosing Unique Things. Also the preference for choosing things that are unique is stronger for people with independent self construals. Kim and Markus showed subjects image A and image B and asked them what they preferred. How many of you prefer A? A great many. How many prefer B? A fair number. People with strong independent self construals prefer A which has a lot of triangles all set up in the same way with one completely different. People with high interdependent self construals prefer B, with none of the triangles standing out from the rest. They went to the SF Airport where people were waiting for their flights and passed out short fake surveys and got basic information. Then they told people that to thank them, they would get to pick out a free pen. They would grab 5 pens that had 2 different colors in them, so there were either 3 and 2 or 4 and 1 in the distribution of colors. East
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 166AC taught by Professor Peng during the Spring '11 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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20116134957 - PSYCHOLOGY 166AC Professor Kaiping Peng...

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