201163350938 - PSYCHOLOGY 166AC Professor Kaiping Peng...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PSYCHOLOGY 166AC Professor Kaiping Peng 03/03/11 Lecture 14 ASUC Lecture Notes Online is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Do not share, copy or illegally distribute (electronically or otherwise) these notes. Our student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. D O N O T C O P Y Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course. LECTURE Self Motivation We talked about how self motivation is different in different cultures; for example cultures with independent and interdependent self construals have different enhancement motivations. Heine, an important cultural psychologist, finds that strong independent self construal, as we find in the U.S. correlates with strong self enhancement motivation. The Japanese, who have more interdependent self construal, have greater self criticism motivation. Generally self esteem measures show people as more positive in individualist cultures. Among Japanese who have never been overseas, self esteem shows up in a bell shaped curve with equal distribution in the positive and negative and some in the middle. Among European Canadians with independent self construals, there is high self enhancement and self esteem. I saw through Google that there are 110 ways in English to say that you did well to positively influence self esteem. We say that you were marvelous and great. “Wow!” is the number one. We like to give success feedback in the U.S. If we say that you did well, then the evidence suggests that you will do better next time. But in Japan, if you give negative feedback, people will do better next time; they will work harder and do better. The idea of the “Tiger Mom” only fits Asian subjects with strong interdependent self construals; it won’t work for Americans with independent self construals. You have to use success feedback to get them to do better; you can’t use the Tiger Mom strategy on American kids. You cannot apply Asian principles to U.S. children. American culture emphasizes self enhancement and Asian culture emphasizes self criticism. Self Consistency Motivation How much do we need to maintain consistency over time and in different situations? This need can cause people serious problems. The phenomenon of self handicapping can occur when someone thinks they are great and find themselves in vicious competition; they get nervous and panic and handicap themselves to escape negative feedback. They have an excuse for not doing well. So you may think you are a great piano player and then are in competition and to avoid negative feedback you get sick, all to maintain self consistency motivation. People who are more dialectical have less self
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 166AC taught by Professor Peng during the Spring '11 term at University of California, Berkeley.

Page1 / 4

201163350938 - PSYCHOLOGY 166AC Professor Kaiping Peng...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online