201170383754 - PSYCHOLOGY 166AC Professor Kaiping Peng...

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Professor Kaiping Peng 03/10/11 Lecture 16 ASUC Lecture Notes Online is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Do not share, copy or illegally distribute (electronically or otherwise) these notes. Our student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. D O N O T C O P Y Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course. ANNOUNCEMENTS The review sheet is up today and covers important concepts and studies; you need to know the basics about the studies related to the results and suggestions. We will provide sample items so you will know the format. You need to bring a green scantron. Also, you will get 5 points added to your grade for helping us out in our study. LECTURE Methodology of Cultural Psychology. Culture is the independent variable in cultural psychology and refers to social institutions, nations, communities, places and so on. But culture also refers to our self concept and self system; our core value system; and our meaning system and language. We can ask how those things influence individual variables. In our methodology we emphasize several things, like the importance of scientific method. Cultural psychology is a science; we use scientific principles to study psychology. That is how we do business. There are certain key steps in doing cultural psychology research, certain common methods. There are challenges that are unique to the cultural psychology and cross-cultural studies that we must try to address. Why does cultural psychology have to be a science? We are human beings who have what philosophers call naïve realism and certain attitudes about the self and reality. We believe that what we see is real, but what we see and think is real may be very subjective and based on individual experience. So how do we reach consensus and conclusions about what is true? The only way to do this is to follow scientific principles; this is the only way to overcome our subjective biases. If subjectivity is what you want, that is great. Novels and poems and music and art provide us with that we need it and it helps us a lot. But it is not enough for doing cultural psychology. What do you see in this picture? Do you see one person, or 2, or 3? I can see an old lady and a young lady and a young girl also. It depends on your perspective. Here you can see a horse, but if I move it around, you see a frog. It’s all a matter of perspective. This class is about changing perspectives; we want to give you many perspectives through multiculturalism. Objectivity. We support the goal of objectivity there is never any perfect objectivity, but we must try. We must be true to our observations and not make things up or follow our biases. We follow what we see and respect the data
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 166AC taught by Professor Peng during the Spring '11 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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201170383754 - PSYCHOLOGY 166AC Professor Kaiping Peng...

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