1Anthropology - Chapter 1 What is Anthropology Anthropology...

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Chapter 1: What is Anthropology? Anthropology – the study of humankind, in all times and places. Answers the questions: o Who am I? o Where did I come from? o Why do I act the way I do? Deals with homo sapiens (the human species and includes most everything about us) Anthropology is: o Holistic , in that the discipline is concerned with studying the whole of the human condition: past, present and future. o A unique cross-cultural perspective that constantly compares the customs of one society with those of others. o A conclusion of useful generalizations about people and their behavior, that result in an unbiased understanding of human diversity. Anthropology helps us make sense of other people, which is very important in a multicultural world. The Development of Anthropology Globally Influenced greatly by two individuals: Herodotus – a Greek historian o Considered the first historian and the first ethnologist o In the 5th century he traveled over much of the known world, to Libya, Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Thrace, Macedonia, Scythia, and eastward into what is now southern Ukraine and Russia Arab Ibn Khaldun – a scholar from North Africa o In 1382 he sailed to Cairo, where he spent most of the rest of his life as a teacher and lecturer o Generally considered the greatest of the Arab historical thinkers Within the United States Anthropology in the U.S. began in the 19 th century Frank Hamilton Cushing – fascinated as to why American Indians were deemed primitive. Page | 1
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o His efforts and research resulted from living with the Zuni Indians for four years. Matilda Coxe Stevenson – not only lead the efforts for women's rights, but also founded the Women's Anthropological Society in 1885. The Fields of Anthropology Physical/Biological Anthropology Describes the evolutionary history of humankind Depicts humans as biological organisms Even goes as far as to analyze humans today, to understand why there are so many variations among the human race. Cultural Anthropology
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1Anthropology - Chapter 1 What is Anthropology Anthropology...

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