, arbitration in garden disputes, etc.
h, in virtue of his complex magical and other functions, fulfilled in the course of gardening.
to be done, looks after the way in which it is carried out, and imposes the periods of taboo, which punctuate it.
ns are made on this particular land, this owner either uses his plot himself or leases it to someone else under a rather complicated system of p
ng with fish.
Economic Systems/Making a Living
– a look into how economics play a critical role in societies, based on the society's culture.
– the means by which goods are produced, distributed, and consumed"
Traditionally, an economic system is based on the production, distribution and consumption of goods
Anthropologists are interested in researching the "kinds of work men and women do in the context of
specific societies to see how it relates to other cultural and historical factors."
For example, men and women in foraging societies are seen as equals. In fact, women provided for
close to 80 percent of the diet.
Therefore, they were respected. I imagine no one would want to anger
the female for fear of biting the hand that feeds you!
Labor: Gender and Age Division
As within human society, each culture has divided their workforce into two categories
Gender – done to increase the learning process to be more efficient
Within the western world, the work of men and women tends to have a distinct line, but is ever so
changing. The work of women tends to be in the home, while the men work away from the home.
However, in some societies, women are designated to do up to 75% of the work performed in their
Age – done to ensure enough time to learn and develop certain skills.
United States: children (up to eighteen) and older adults (over 65) are not expected to contribute to
the workforce as is the rest of our society.
Some Asian countries: child labor drives a large part of its economy. Many of these child laborers are
severely underpaid and work in unsafe environments.
Some parts of Italy: young women begin to assume household chores, so their mothers can enter the
workforce to earn money for the household.
Mexico: girls contribute to the economy by helping at home, in the fields and so forth.
– tools and materials, in addition to the knowledge about how to use and develop them, for purposes of
advancement and growth.
Technology is a resource that each culture and society needs to possess to progress.
To our culture, technology can mean computers, cell phones and other electronic gadgets, while to