7Economy - nd taro and they also enjoy a good regular...

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rict. e , arbitration in garden disputes, etc. h, in virtue of his complex magical and other functions, fulfilled in the course of gardening. to be done, looks after the way in which it is carried out, and imposes the periods of taboo, which punctuate it. ns are made on this particular land, this owner either uses his plot himself or leases it to someone else under a rather complicated system of p ng with fish. Economic Systems/Making a Living Economic Systems Economic anthropology – a look into how economics play a critical role in societies, based on the society's culture. Economic system – the means by which goods are produced, distributed, and consumed" o Traditionally, an economic system is based on the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. o Anthropologists are interested in researching the "kinds of work men and women do in the context of specific societies to see how it relates to other cultural and historical factors." o For example, men and women in foraging societies are seen as equals. In fact, women provided for close to 80 percent of the diet. Therefore, they were respected. I imagine no one would want to anger the female for fear of biting the hand that feeds you! Labor: Gender and Age Division As within human society, each culture has divided their workforce into two categories Gender – done to increase the learning process to be more efficient o Within the western world, the work of men and women tends to have a distinct line, but is ever so changing. The work of women tends to be in the home, while the men work away from the home. However, in some societies, women are designated to do up to 75% of the work performed in their society. Age – done to ensure enough time to learn and develop certain skills. o United States: children (up to eighteen) and older adults (over 65) are not expected to contribute to the workforce as is the rest of our society. o Some Asian countries: child labor drives a large part of its economy. Many of these child laborers are severely underpaid and work in unsafe environments. o Some parts of Italy: young women begin to assume household chores, so their mothers can enter the workforce to earn money for the household. o Mexico: girls contribute to the economy by helping at home, in the fields and so forth. Technology Technology – tools and materials, in addition to the knowledge about how to use and develop them, for purposes of advancement and growth. Technology is a resource that each culture and society needs to possess to progress. To our culture, technology can mean computers, cell phones and other electronic gadgets, while to
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2011 for the course SOC 258 taught by Professor Houser during the Spring '11 term at Lehigh Carbon CC.

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7Economy - nd taro and they also enjoy a good regular...

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