Marginalization and Representation Midterm Outline (1)upload

Marginalization and Representation Midterm Outline...

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Key Terms: I. Iris Marion Young a. Key Terms: i. Affirmative Advocacy: 1. Must include all of one group not just the privileged subgroups. 2. Arguments must advocate an inclusive advocacy for all of the targeted group. ii. Systemic Inequality 1. Corporate influence on Washington sometimes outweigh needs of individual citizens 2. A pattern of discrimination that runs so deep that it is ingrained in a societal structure (such as law and/or the courts). 3. Systemic inequalities are those that are reliably reproduced over time along the lines of social group differences even in the absence of patterns of overt or intentional discrimination on the part of identifiable social agents. iii. Oppression 1. Prolonged unjust treatments/control 2. The state of being subject to such unjust treatment. 3. Systemic nature: a. The oppressed group does not need a correlating oppressor group to be oppressed. b. If you are oppressed, power takes on a life of its own. (Judith Butler) c. Even the initial institution of power can lead to the creation of its own long lasting legacy. 4. Oppression may be implicit in parts of the brain. a. Implicit associations of “the other” b. Socialized to various impressions of marginalized groups c. Further implicit attributions to people that you share traits with based on general commonalities 5. Psychic Life of Power
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a. Legacies of power began at the start of our country b. We internalize these legacies 6. Bandaid Policies a. Affirmative action: a. Bandaid to larger systemic issue of racial inequality b. Examples: a. Legacy of American Government with gender and race oppression: 1. 17% of Congress is female 2. 42 Blacks in 109 th congress, 24 Hispanics, 4 Asians, 68 women II. Redistribution of Wealth a. Is a monopoly fair? b. Does this counter the American Dream? c. Keys to Starting a broader level of distribution- i. Equal educational opportunities ii. Access to opportunity iii. Creation of jobs 1. Lack of jobs= increased crime 2. Throughout generations the lack of opportunities of one generation in a family or culture will trickle down to their descendents. 3. Stereotypes form as a result of oppression from the legacy of power against them generations before and is perpetuated by the stereotypes that persist. iv. Taxes for equal base: a. Education b. Health care d. Slavery was the single largest redistribution of wealth system in history (this kind of redistribution is exploitation. Not all forms of redistribution are.) e. The correlate group (indirect oppression) still probably benefits from the legacy of oppression.
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i. i.e. White people no longer enslave black people but they still reap indirect benefits from the legacy of power that persists a century later III. Oppression Through American Foreign Policy a. Inequality on a broad, international scale. i.
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2011 for the course POSC 290 taught by Professor Tyson during the Spring '11 term at Dickinson.

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Marginalization and Representation Midterm Outline...

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