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Community and Problem-Solving Policing Assignment

Community and Problem-Solving Policing Assignment - 1...

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1 Community Policing Community and Problem-Solving Policing CJS/210 Kelly Stub February 27, 2011 Fred Watson
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2 Community Policing With the effective use of resources in policing there are there are two theories. In this paper I will be discussing them and why they are effective into our world of policing. These theories are known to either make or break the matters of policing. The first theory that I will be discussing is the relatively traditional problem-solving policing. According to (Goetz & Mitchell, 2003) this philosophy dictates that police organizations utilize their resources by reacting to trouble spots and incidents of criminal activity. (Goetz & Mitchell, 2003) Beyond normal patrol resources, police agencies use task-forces and specialized section to target problems areas (either geographically, or by crime category). (Goetz & Mitchell, 2003) A problem in most police jurisdictions is that residents of areas most affected by crime are often the most distrustful of law enforcement. (Goetz & Mitchell, 2003) In the community-policing paradigm, resources are used in community outreach efforts to involve civilians in the act of patrolling and reporting crimes, and facilitating communication between community members and the police. (Goetz & Mitchell, 2003) Rather than targeting “trouble spots” with excess manpower and resources, the community policing philosophy is preventive in nature. (Goetz & Mitchell, 2003) it seeks to defuse high crime circumstances before they become a policing crisis. As is often the case, an approach to policing that incorporates both of these philosophies is the most effective use of police resources. The theory of policing that is actually the most effective as mostly used is problem-focused policing. Problem-focused policing is the most effective due to the high success rate of task forces and certain patrol effects. However, this method is also highly questioned by many. (Bayley & Shearing, 1996) First, though police forces incorporating this method spend 60% of their time on routine patrol, the perception (and
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