chapter2 - Chapter2 IndividualBehaviour, Personality,and...

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Chapter 2 Individual Behaviour,  Personality, and  Values
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Learning Objectives: - Explain the MARS model of individual behaviour - Describe the Big “5” personality dimensions and applicability to OB - Understand the impact of values on individual and organizational behaviour
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MARS Model of Individual  Behaviour Individual Individual behaviour and behaviour and results results Situational Situational factors factors Values Personality Perceptions Emotions Attitudes Stress Role Role perceptions perceptions Motivation Motivation Ability Ability
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Employee Motivation Internal forces that affect a person’s voluntary choice of behaviour direction intensity persistence R BAR BAR S M A
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Employee Ability Natural aptitudes and learned capabilities required to successfully complete a task Competencies - personal characteristics that lead to superior performance Person - job matching R BAR BAR S M A
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Role Perceptions Beliefs about what behaviour is required to achieve the desired results: understanding what tasks to perform understanding relative importance of tasks understanding preferred behaviours to accomplish tasks R BAR BAR S M A
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Situational Factors Environmental conditions beyond the individual’s short-term control that constrain or facilitate behaviour time people budget work facilities R BAR BAR S M A
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The employee’s emotional and cognitive (rational) motivation, ability to perform the job, clear understanding of the organization’s vision and his/her specific role in that vision, and a belief that he/she has the resources to get the job done. Anything else??
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2011 for the course ECON 1106 taught by Professor Abc during the Spring '11 term at Algoma University.

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chapter2 - Chapter2 IndividualBehaviour, Personality,and...

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