100680375_MN1075 - Drawing on Weber's ideal type critically...

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Drawing on Weber’s ideal type, critically consider the relevance of bureaucratic administration to the management of twenty-first century organisations. Introduction: -Weber: Was born in 1864 and died 1920 -definition of ideal type: a common mental construct in the social sciences derived from observable reality although not conforming to it in detail because of deliberate simplification and exaggeration. It is not ideal in the sense that it is excellent, nor is it an average; it is, rather, a constructed ideal used to approximate reality by selecting and accentuating certain elements (according to dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/ideal+type) -Definition of Webber’s formal rationality : This was his concept of risk calcution which can be used for provisioning of needs. -Twenty-first century organizations I will be analyzing: The untied states government and law-enforcing agencies, other governmental organizations and supermarket chains. -purpose/structure of the essay: evaluate the importance of bureaucracies in the organizations I will be looking at, analyze pros and cons, compare bureaucracies with Fordism and Taylorism models and reach a conclusion about the relevance of bureaucracy in administrating 21 st century organization Main Body: (Sources: http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/Pros-and-Cons-of- Bureaucracy.topicArticleId-26957,articleId-26871.html) Argument 1: Bureaucracy has helped greatly modern organizations. This type of organization could be said to be responsible for the development of bigger organizations. It would be very hard to manage big corporation if it weren’t for bureaucracy because: -The division of labor into departments makes it easier to control. -Even though there might be a lot of people working, due to the strict and clear rules that everybody has to obey, there is discipline and this helps a lot on managing the organization. -Even though many criticize it by treating each worker impersonally, this is also good because it means there are no preferential treatments. -Promotion is based on performance and is very hard to achieved, this makes the workers more
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productive. -Theoretically less corruption arises from bureaucracies due to the strict norms, rules and impersonal treatment (everybody is treated equally) Evidence/ Examples: A lot of governmental bodies are bureaucracies, European union, united states government and others. - according to the book “Bureaucracy: what government agencies do and why they do it” By James Q. Wilson, an example of a bureaucratic success was the Reagan administration, in which Communication through departments were successful due to bureaucratic organization ( page 213 http://books.google.co.uk/books?
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100680375_MN1075 - Drawing on Weber's ideal type critically...

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