MN1001 19 october 2010

MN1001 19 october 2010 - Lecture 4:Scientific Management...

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1 Lecture 4:Scientific Management and Fordism Introduction The emergence of professional management Classical Management Thinking: who were they? What was their approach? Taylor’s Scientific Management: background and philosophy; aims; duties; pig-iron handling; overall results Fordism: background; basic features; comparison with scientific management Some initial critical points Conclusions
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2 Two trends in classical management Classical management theory : emphasis on hierarchy, controlling the labour process directly through hierarchy, authority and technology Human relations theory : controlling work through understanding the human labour force
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3 The emergence of professional management Confronted with shareholders demanding return on investment, the new management class faced two problems: 1. The imposition of work discipline in the factory: formal subordination of labour 2. The extraction of maximum value from the labour process But how should the new managers go about this in a  professional way? What were the ‘rules’ of this new  management?
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4 General features of Classical Management Theory Who were the classical management thinkers? Taylor, Fayol; Gantt, Gilbreths, Gulick, Mooney, Parker-Follett, Reily, Sheldon, Urwick Anglo-American, men, practical, managers, engineering What was their approach? Normative (managerial) Rational-scientific Derived from existing large institutions Design-orientation (formalism) Hierarchical Division of labour Focus on organisational design or shop-floor management
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5 Background Self-help Engineer in steel industry Experience of ‘ systematic soldiering Aims Maximise operational efficiency Develop workers and reward them fairly Improve shop-floor cooperation Apply science methodically
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MN1001 19 october 2010 - Lecture 4:Scientific Management...

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