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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 13: EDUCAT ION Education includes the formal and informal experiences that train, discipline, and shape the mental and physical potentials of the maturing person Education begins when people are born and ends when they die Informal education= education that occurs in a spontaneous, unplanned way Formal education= a systematic, purposeful, planned effort intended to impart specific skills and modes of thought Schooling= a program of formal, systematic instruction that takes place primarily in classrooms but also includes extracurricular activities and out of class assignments Schools perform these functions: Transmitting skills, facilitating change and progress, contributing basic and applied research, integrating diverse populations, and screening and selecting the most qualified students for what is considered the most socially important careers Schools function as agents of personal change The U.S is probably unique in that education is viewed as the primary solution to many problems, including childhood obesity, illegal drug use, poverty, hunger, unwanted pregnancy, and so on The conflict perspective draws our attention away from order and stability and to dominant and subordinate group dynamics and to unequal power arrangements. Conflict perspective asks questions like: Who writes the curriculum? Who has access to the most up to date computer or athletic facilities? Which groups are most likely to drop out of high school, and which attend college? Who studies abroad? The U.S ranks third in per-pupil spending, only Belgium and Denmark spend more Illiteracy= the inability to understand and use a symbol system, whether it is base on sounds, letters, numbers, pictographs, or some other type of symbol Functionally illiterate= lacking the level of reading, writing, and calculating skills needed to function in the society in which one lives Functionally illiterate suggests that illiteracy is a product of one’s environment 34.1% of U.S students are mathematically illiterate according to the OECD Greece has highest illiterate % at 47.5 Finland has lowest illiterate % at 17.5 In the U.S, 44% of high school students study a foreign language and only 8% of undergraduates take foreign language courses Because of the European Union’s greater emphasis on foreign language instruction, 50% of people in EU countries indicate that they can speak at least one language beyond their mother tongue well enough to carry on a conversation Great Britain is the number one choice for U.S students to study abroad since the majority of study abroaders choose places that speak English The U.S is one of a small group of countries where the college educated constitute a significant share of the population Almost 40% of 25-30 year olds in the U.S have at least a college education One distinctive feature of the U.S education system is that in theory anyone can attend a college even if he or she has not yet graduated from high school or has received a GED The dropout rates vary for students of different races: Asian: 21% White: 24% Native American: 43% Black: 45% Hispanic: 47%...
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2011 for the course SOC 100 taught by Professor Blah during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.
- Spring '08