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SOC NOTES FOR EXAM 2 2-23-10 Republic of Congo In 1980, AIDS researchers identified the first known sample of HIV infected blood in a Congolese blood bank. The frozen stored blood sample was taken in 1959 from a volunteer participating in a medical study. According to the United Nations estimates, 55 million people are infected with HIV Millions of intimate interactions-specifically an exchange of blood or other body fluids—between HIV infected and non-infected people explain how HIV/AIDS became a global epidemic. HIV’s origins cannot be understood apart from European colonial rule of Africa. HIV’s spread was connected to colonial practices that shaped interactions between African peoples and colonial rulers. Focusing on the Congo Doesn’t mean that African people started the global epidemic. The Congo was once a colony of Belgium (until 1960). This means that Europeans were living in the Congo, interacting with African peoples. So, the Europeans have to be part of the story as well. Major focus= when sociologists study interactions, they seek to understand the larger social forces that bring people together in interaction and that shape the context and direction of that interaction. Division of Labor Specialized tasks, each performed by a different set of workers specifically trained to do that task The workers often live in different parts of a country or different parts of the world The tasks geographically dispersed, materials needed to manufacture products also come from many locations around the world What role did Africa, in particular the DRC, have in the world wide division of labor? Rubber, ivory (to be used in making piano keys, billard balls, snuff boxes), industrial diamonds, zinc, silver, gold, manganese (needed to make steel and aluminum dry cell batteries), coltan (a heat resistant mineral used in cell phones, laptops, and playstations), uranium …and the labor to extract these resources and move them out of Africa Durkheim’s Solidarity Solidarity= the ties that bind people to one another and shape their interactions Mechanical= social order based on a common conscience or uniform thinking and behavior
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The ties that bind individuals to one another are based primarily on kinship, religion, and a shared way of life Organic= social order based on interdependence and cooperation among people performing a wide range of diverse and specialized tasks Social ties are strong because people need one another to survive In this chapter you will learn that he story of HIV/AIDS very likely begins with these interactions between Europeans and African peoples Durkheim hypothesis and HIV That people become more vulnerable as the diversion of labor becomes more complex and more specialized Understand the context of European colonial rule of Africa—the colonial practices shaped interactions among outsides and the hundreds of Congolese ethnic groups The global scale of social interaction—HIV/AIDS The demand for the Congo regions resources stimulated Western business interest
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2011 for the course SOC 100 taught by Professor Blah during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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