CHAPTER 11 detailed study guide outline

CHAPTER 11 detailed study guide outline - CHAPTER 11 Health...

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CHAPTER 11 Health psychology= area of psychology focusing on how physical activities, psychological traits, and social relationships affect overall health and rate of illness Stress= the term used to describe the physical, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to events that are appraised as threatening or challenging Stressors= events that cause a stress reaction; can become from within a person or from an external source and range from relatively mild to severe Distress= the effect of unpleasant and undesirable stressors Eustress= the effect of positive events, or the optimal amount of stress that people need to promote health and well-being Catastrophe= an unpredictable, large-scale event that creates a tremendous need to adapt and adjust as well as overwhelming feelings of threat Acute stress disorder (ASD)= a disorder resulting from exposure to a major stressor, with symptoms of anxiety, recurring nightmares, sleep disturbances, problems in concentration, and moments in which people seem to “relive” the event in dreams and flashbacks for as long as one month following the event Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)= a disorder resulting from exposure to a major stressor, with symptoms of anxiety, nightmares, poor sleep, reliving the event, and concentration problems, lasting for more than one month Women have twice the risk of developing this Social readjustment rating scale (SRRS)= assessment that measures the amount of stress in a person’s life over a one-year period resulting from major life events College undergraduate stress scale (CUSS)= assessment that measures the amount of stress in a college student’s life over a one-year period resulting from major life events Hassles= the daily annoyances of everyday life Pressure= the psychological experience produced by urgent demands or expectations for person’s behavior that come from n outside source Time pressure is one of the most common forms of pressure The less control a person has, the greater the degree of stress Frustration= the psychological experience produced by the blocking of desired goal or fulfillment of a perceived need Aggression= actions meant to harm or destroy
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Displaced aggression= taking out one’s frustrations on some less threatening or more available target, a form of displacement Displacement= psychological defense mechanism in which emotional reactions and behavioral responses are shifted to targets that are more available or less threatening than the original target Escape or withdrawal= leaving the presence of a stressor, either literally or by a psychological withdrawal into fantasy, drug abuse, or apathy Suicide is the 3 rd leading cause of death among adolescents Rates of suicide increase with age and are highest for those over 65 Women are about 3 times more likely than men to attempt suicide, but men are nearly 4 times more likely to complete the attempt Warning signs of suicide: Feelings of hopelessness or emptiness, lack or energy or fatigue, anhedonia (the inability
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CHAPTER 11 detailed study guide outline - CHAPTER 11 Health...

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