CHAPTER 14 detailed study guide outline

CHAPTER 14 detailed study guide outline - CHAPTER 14...

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CHAPTER 14 Postpartum psychosis= a rare and severe form of depression that occurs in women just after giving birth and includes delusional thinking and hallucinations Postpartum depression= depression occurring within a year after giving birth in about 10 percent of women and that includes intense worry about the baby, thoughts of suicide, and fears of harming the baby Psychopathology= the study of abnormal behavior Social norm deviance…another way of defining abnormality is to see it as something that goes against the norms or standards of the society in which the individual lives Behavior that would be labeled disordered in one culture may be quite acceptable in another Situational context= the social or environmental setting of a person’s behavior Subjective discomfort= emotional distress or emotional pain Maladaptive= anything that does not allow a person to function within or adapt to the stresses and everyday demands of life Maladaptive behavior includes behavior that may initially help a person cope but has harmful or damaging effects EX: a woman who cuts herself to relieve anxiety does experience initial relief but is harmed by the action. Psychological disorders= any pattern of behavior that causes people significant distress, causes them to harm others, or harms their ability to function in daily life Sociocultural perspective= perspective in which abnormal behavior (like normal behavior) is seen as the product of the learning and shaping of behavior within the context of the family, the social group to which one belongs, and the culture within which the family and social group exist Cultural relativity= the need to consider the unique characteristics of the culture in which behavior takes place Culture-bound syndromes= disorders found only in particular cultures Biological model= model of explaining behavior as caused by biological changes in the chemical, structural, or genetic systems of the body This model explains disorders such as anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia as caused by chemical imbalances, genetic problems, brain damage and dysfunction, or some combination of those causes. The psychodynamic model, based on work of Freud and followers, explains disordered behavior s the result of repressing one’s threatening thoughts, memories, and concerns in the unconscious mind
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Behaviorists explain disordered behavior as being learned just like normal behaviors Cognitive psychologists= psychologists who study the way people think, remember, and mentally organize information They see abnormal behavior as resulting from illogical thinking patterns Biopsychosocial model= perspective in which abnormal behavior is seen s the result of the combined and interacting forces of biological, psychological, social, and cultural influences ***Refer to table 14.1 on page 563 Anxiety disorders= disorders in which the main symptom is excessive or unrealistic anxiety and fearfulness Free-floating anxiety= anxiety that is unrelated to any realistic, known source
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Caldwell during the Fall '10 term at Michigan State University.

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CHAPTER 14 detailed study guide outline - CHAPTER 14...

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