CHAPTER 15 detailed study guide outline

CHAPTER 15 detailed study guide outline - CHAPTER 15...

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CHAPTER 15 Therapy= treatment methods aimed at making people feel better and function more effectively There are 2 main types of therapy: Psychotherapy: where people tell the therapists about their problems and the therapist listens and tries to help them understand those problems or change the behavior that causes them Biomedical therapy: uses medical interventions to bring the symptoms under control Psychotherapy= therapy for mental disorders in which a person with a problem talks with a psychological professional Biomedical therapy= therapy for mental disorders in which a person with a problem is treated with biological or medical methods to relieve symptoms Insight therapies= therapies in which the main goal is helping people to gain insight with respect to their behavior, thoughts, and feelings Action therapy= therapy in which the main goal is to change disordered or inappropriate behavior directly Biomedical therapy alone does nothing but alleviate the symptoms of the disorder Early treatment of the mentally ill: “treatments” consisted of bloodletting which more often than not led to death or the need for lifelong care for the patient, beatings, ice baths in which the person was submerged until passing out or suffering seizure, and induced vomiting in a kind of spiritual cleansing Historically, individuals with mental illness were believed to be possessed by demons or evil spirits Organized treatment began in England around the mid 1500s Pinel started the “moral treatment” movement in France Psychoanalysis= an insight therapy based on the theory of Freud, emphasizing the revealing of unconscious conflicts Manifest content= the actual content of one’s dream Latent content= the symbolic or hidden meaning of dreams Free association= psychoanalytical technique in which a patient was encouraged to talk about anything that came to mind without fear of negative evaluations Resistance= occurring when a patient becomes reluctant to talk about a certain topic, either changing the subject or becoming silent
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Freud believed that resistance from the patient meant that the conversation was coming comfortably close to repressed material Transference= in psychoanalysis, the tendency for a patient or client to project positive or negative feelings for important people from the past onto the therapist Directive= therapy in which the therapist actively gives interpretations of a client’s statements and may suggest certain behavior or actions Psychodynamic therapy= a newer and more general term for therapies based on psychoanalysis with an emphasis on transference, shorter treatment times, and more direct therapeutic approach Modern psychoanalysis is more directive than it was historically and, when looking at reasons behind behavior, typically focuses more on the ego or sense of self than on the id Humanists focus on conscious, subjective experiences of emotion and people’s sense of self, as well s the more immediate experiences in their daily lives rather than early childhood
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Caldwell during the Fall '10 term at Michigan State University.

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CHAPTER 15 detailed study guide outline - CHAPTER 15...

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