The purpose of this assignment is to assess how you use scientific evidence to support or refute a claim
about cross-cultural differences or similarities in psychological phenomenon.
First, review the six claims written below and choose TWO to evaluate as part of this assignment.
Second, locate and read research studies that direct address the claim, and thus either supports or refutes the
Specifically, journal articles (which describe one or more research studies in detail and thus contain
“Methods” and “Results” sections) must be used for this assignment.
Journal articles are distinct from
chapters and review articles, which are not applicable for this assignment. You must find at least one article
applicable to each claim.
You may find yourself reading a couple (or several) articles as well as some
background literature before finding one that you think directly relates to the claim.
Third, write a response to the claim.
Importantly, this response must convey HOW and WHY the research
studies reported in the journal article supports or refutes the claim.
This means that you will need to
summarize the research study (or studies) described in the article – including the background literature, the
research methods, and the results – and discuss why these findings provide support (or refute) the claim. To
be clear, you are required to summarize one research study for each claim.
When summarizing the research
studies described in the journal article, please be sure to summarize/discuss…
Background information from the study’s introduction (which involves the text before the
“Methods” heading) that you believe is pertinent to the topic of the claim.
This definitely includes the
definitions of the concepts being studied, the research question being asked and/or the study’s hypotheses,
but may also include the rationale for conducting the research study.
(In terms of the rationale, think back
to the functions of cross-cultural research…which function does this research seem to serve?)
The methods used in the study.
This involves describing how the important concepts were
measured, the important aspects of the sample (i.e., the cultural groups being studied), and the study
procedures (e.g., what the questionnaires assessed and how, how interview was conducted, how experiment
was conducted, how the data were coded).
Remember that some information (like # of participants, the
informed consent process, etc.) do not really contribute much to the understanding of the study’s purpose
and relevance to culture, so don’t need to be conveyed in the summary.