Study Guide Exam 1 PSY355 W11 - Copy

Study Guide Exam 1 PSY355 W11 - Copy - Study Guide for...

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Study Guide for PSY355 – Exam #1 The topics below are likely to be included in the exam. You should know the material well enough to not only define each phenomenon, but also apply what is known about it to a new situation. Thus, relating this information to real-world examples (or examples discussed in class, or research discussed in the book) is a good study strategy. I urge you to use all available resources (e.g., textbook, lecture slides, study groups, office hours) in combination when studying. Introduction to Culture and Psychology – Chapter 1 – Class 1 1) How is “culture” defined in this course? a. What are some challenges to thinking about cultures as groups of people? 2) How are “ethnicity” and “society” defined in this course? 3) In class, an iceberg was used to portray culture. What does this iceberg symbolize? 4) Culture is not unique to humans, as non-human animals can also learn cultural information. What are some examples of non-human animals engaging in cultural learning? 5) Humans are especially good at cultural learning? Why? Review content on… a. Specificity of imitation b. Theory of mind c. The distinction between imitative and emulative learning d. The social brain hypothesis 6) What is the ratchet effect? The book gives one example of this, the evolution of the hammer. Would you be able to identify other examples? 7) If a person’s perspective on psychology was described, would you be able to identify it as consistent with the general psychology perspective (also referred to as the “universalist” perspective) or the cultural psychology perspective? (refer to pgs. 23-30) *NOTE: we discussed aspects of #4 and #5 in class #2 Creating Culture – Chapter 2 – Class 2 & 3 1) Why are there cultural variations? Review the material on… a. Ecological and geographic variation as causes of cultural variation i. Also know the concepts of evoked culture and transmitted culture. How are these different? Would you be able to identify examples?
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