L12.pdf - Phil105 Lecture Twelve The Epistemology of Faith...

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Phil105 April 21, 2020 Lecture Twelve The Epistemology of Faith and Science Possible Bases for scientific beliefs: 6 sources of Knowledge - Perception o Apprehending things with our senses - Memory - Reasoning o E.g. the process of arriving at a conclusion on the basis of rationally assessing evidence or premises - Rational insight o Seeing something with our reason directly e.g.. 2+2=4 - Introspection o Looking within ourselves e.g. realizing your pleased or unhappy or hungry - Testimony The Charge Against Faith Mark Twain’s 9s. 1910 charge: “faith is believing what you know ain’t so”. Twain’s charge put more technically: Faith is believing a proposition with a degree of confidence that outstrips or goes beyond, ones evidence for that proposition. - Thinking about faith this way suggests that faith involves believing in a way that runs flagrantly against the evidence. Faith and Testimony: The Classic Conception The Classic Conception: - Faith is believing what one has not seen to be the case on basis of the testimony of

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