memory codes - Memory Codes (Encoding information into...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Memory Codes (Encoding information into memory) Thinking about memory (LTM): Box models: STM, LTM Nodes, links, and activation Memory codes: Does it matter what you do during encoding? SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES: More likely to remember if you paid attention. More exposures usually mean better memory, especially if learning is distributed (spaced out) rather than massed (all at once). Elaborative rehearsal (meaningful processing) usually leads to higher recall than maintenance (surface or superficial) rehearsal. Some puzzles about memory How is memory organized? Although we sometimes assume STM can hold 7 2 items, it actually varies more than that. (it seems to depend on the material!!) Rehearsal doesnt always get info into LTM Memory is a consequence of the operations you perform at encoding and retrieval . Ordinarily, people can use several different kinds of encoding in memory. Experiments vary their instructions (using orienting tasks) and get different results. Encoding: learning declarative (explicit, factual) knowledge (as opposed to procedural) LTM encoding retrieval (input) (output) Study phase Test phase Different ways to encode CHIP - DIP All capital letters? Shallow Rhyme? Related meanings? What does this mean to YOU? Deep Remembering word pairs: chip - dip ROAD - POINT beagle - legal BOOK - BAY FLY - BIRD plastic - water SUN - HINGE Levels of Processing Theory (Craik & Lockhart, 1972) Memory depends on encoding and retrieval Depth of encoding makes a difference! Graphemic Acoustic Semantic Personally meaningful According to l.o.p. theory, Deeper levels of encoding should always lead to more durable memory. (how would you test this? Shallow Deep Demo: Craik & Tulving Craik & Tulving (1975) Levels of processing study On each of the next 18 slides, you will see a question followed by a word. Write down yes or no depending upon whether the word answers the question. Levels of Processing Theory (Craik & Lockhart, 1972) Structural Phonemic Semantic Different kinds of coding led to differences in correctness and speed of recognition....
View Full Document

Page1 / 10

memory codes - Memory Codes (Encoding information into...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online