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1Running head: SUBSTANCE ABUSE ASSESSMENTUnit 5 Assignment: Assessment of Addiction and Co-occurring DisordersSunaina BindraCOUN5108: Foundations of Addiction and Addictive Behavior Dr. Joel MuroMay 9, 2020
2Running head: SUBSTANCE ABUSE ASSESSMENTIntroductionSubstance abuse affects approximately 25 million Americans (NCBI, 2019). Non-users stereotype users as individuals who lack the willpower to change, integrity, financially and emotionally unstable, uncleanly, selfish, and homeless (Flanagan, 2013). However, research in the field of addiction illustrates that regular substance abuse alters the physical chemistry of the human brain, which can make it almost impossible to resist the urge to use. Pleasure is repeatedly associated with act of using. Desensitization of the brain’s reward circuits, due to an individual’s prolonged use, prevents him/her from experiencing pleasure and motivation, from daily accomplishments. Substance dependency is promoted by the weakened brain regions associated with self-regulation and rational decision making (APA, 2017). Longo (2016) stresses that the user’s social environment has a significant impact upon recovery because it is correlated with his/her vulnerability. As a counselor it is important to acknowledge that addiction is disease that impacts more than just the addict. It negatively impacts the addict’s relationships with himself, family and friends as well as the lives of those close to him. The primary goal of counselors is to establish trusting, empathetic and meaningful professional relationships, which encourage clients of diverse backgrounds, socioeconomics, experiences, and concerns to establish mental, physical, social and spiritual wellness (World Health Organization, 2003). Droege (2015) suggests that a counselor can assist a client with substance abuse issues by assisting the client in generating problem awareness followed by treatment optimism. Additionally, the professional can help the client comprehend the self, communal and intrapersonal harm. promoting treatment seeking behaviors. Comprehension of harm, severity and frequency will promote client treatment seekingbehaviors. As a mental health professional, it is accurate to assume that this counselor will assist
3Running head: SUBSTANCE ABUSE ASSESSMENTclients struggling with addiction. It is the duty of a counselor to be well knowledgeable about how to properly utilize various assessments, interventions and treatments, in order to better assistclients who desire wellness and recovery. This paper will examine how the counselor would properly asses client Derek.Case Study of Client DerekClient Derek is a proud thirty year old Puerto Rican male. He identifies as homosexual. He is admitted to the emergency room at the hospital, after hitting a wall at a local night club.