AP Study Guide 2010-11

AP Study Guide 2010-11 - AP BIOLOGY STUDY GUIDE NEW AND...

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AP BIOLOGY STUDY GUIDE NEW AND REVIEW THE NATURE OF SCIENCE 1. “Biologists use….through “Deduction:. ..” p19-21 Campbell Text “The Nature of Science: Definitions of some important terms.” p 29 of Honors packet A. How do scientists define and use the terms fact , assumption , hypothesis , and theory ? How are these ideas different from each other? B. What is the difference between qualitative data and quantitative data ? C. Compare and contrast inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning. D. A student thinks that her fish are sick because she filled the tank with chlorinated tap water. To find out, she sets up a second tank with properly treated tank water and puts in half the fish. Write a deductive “If…and…then” statement for her experiment. E. Which part of the deductive statement you wrote is the hypothesis, which part is the test (experiment), and which part is the prediction ? 2. “A Closer Look….” through “Designing…” p 21-24 (Don’t forget the definitions on reference p 29, and review the “Characteristics of Science on ref p 30 of Honors packet) A. Why is it important that a hypothesis is falsifiable ? How does a scientist increase her confidence in a hypothesis? B. What does the author mean by “The myth of the scientific method?” C. What are variables in an experiment? What is the experimental variable? D. State the hypothesis being tested in the case study beginning on page 21. Next, write a good deduction (If….and….then….) for this experiment. E. What is the function of a control in an experiment? Explain how the brown model snakes were a control for that experiment. F. Why must scientific results be repeatable? 3. “Limitations…” through “Science, Technology…. .” p 24-26 “In the Mind of the Beholder” by Stephen Jay Gould, p 68 of Honors packet “I Was Wrong” by Michael Shermer, p 69 Honors packet (Don’t forget p 29) A. What does the author describe as the limitations of science? B. What is a theory in science? How is a scientist’s use of this term different from the way it is used in everyday language? C. In Gould’s article, how does his portrait of real scientists differ from the public’s concept of them as fully rational, objective, and logical? D. How could biases color the conclusions reached by scientists? Does Gould think this is avoidable through more rigorous mental discipline, or an inherent and unavoidable part of all human thinking? E. Why is it important that we spend time discussing the moral and ethical implications of the scientific topics we study and not just stick to the science? F. What is the importance in science of the words “I was wrong”? How does this statement illustrate the self-correcting nature of science and the work ethics of science? 4.
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AP Study Guide 2010-11 - AP BIOLOGY STUDY GUIDE NEW AND...

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