Chem 1021 Chapter 5 (9th Edition) (Gases, Liquids, and Solids) Optional Study Guide

Chem 1021 Chapter 5 (9th Edition) (Gases, Liquids, and Solids) Optional Study Guide

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DR. JIM BLOXTON’S OPTIONAL STUDY GUIDE SHEET TO ACCOMPANY CHEM 1021 CHAPTER 5 GASES, LIQUIDS, AND SOLIDS Note: This is an optional study guide. This study guide is not an exhaustive list of questions that could appear on quizzes or exams. These are sample questions that may or may not be used on a quiz or midterm exam or final exam. Other questions that are not found on this study guide will be on actual quizzes, midterm and final exams. It is important to do all of the homework problems that are in your Chem 1021 lecture text in addition to the questions in this study guide. Make sure that you do all of the Chemical Connections homework questions that have assigned. Learn the basic principles and then be prepared to apply the principles to problems that you have not seen before. Note: It is very important to remember that Chemistry is a cumulative topic and that the material that was covered in previous chapters needs to be reviewed as this material will continue to reappear in concepts that are needed to solve new problems. The following questions are to be answered from CHEM 1021 CHAPTER 5 LECTURE TEXT, LECTURE NOTES AND LECTURE SLIDES. 1. What effect does kinetic energy have on molecules? What is the relationship between kinetic energy and an increase in temperature? 2. How does attractive forces affect molecules? Is this the same affect that kinetic energy has on molecules? Explain. 3. What is entropy? List the states of matter according to increasing amounts of entropy? 4. What does the physical state of matter depend on? 5. What are the three states of matter? Comment on the shapes and the volumes of the three states of matter. Compare and contrast the kinetic energy and attractive forces between molecules in the three states of matter. Include temperature in this discussion. 6. What is a melting point? 7. What is a boiling point? 1
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8. What is pressure? What are some units and abbreviations for units of pressure? What is the name and abbreviation for the SI unit of pressure? 9. What is the relationship among the following atm, mm Hg, torr, pascals and in. Hg? 10. How many mm Hg, torr, pascals, and in. Hg are there in 0.948 atm? 11. What is standard atmospheric pressure? This is also the average pressure of the atmosphere at sea level. 12. What is a barometer, what is a barometer used for and how does a barometer work? 13. What is a manometer, what is a monometer used for and how does a manometer work? 14. What is the definition and mathematical expression of Boyle’s Law? What is another name for Boyle’s Law? Give terms, definitions of terms, symbols and units for all terms in Boyle’s Law. What remains constant in Boyle’s Law? State if the relationships between the terms in Boyle’s Law is directly proportional or inversely proportional? Give examples of medical and nonmedical applications of Boyle’s Law.
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Chem 1021 Chapter 5 (9th Edition) (Gases, Liquids, and Solids) Optional Study Guide

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