Chem 62 Chapter 18 (Carboxylic Acids) Optional Study Guide

Chem 62 Chapter 18 (Carboxylic Acids) Optional Study Guide...

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DR. JIM BLOXTON’S OPTIONAL STUDY GUIDE TO ACCOMPANY CHEM 62 CHAPTER 18 CARBOXYLIC ACIDS Note: This is an optional study guide. This study guide is not an exhaustive list of questions that could appear on quizzes or exams. These are sample questions that may or may not be used on a quiz or midterm exam or final exam. Other questions that are not found on this study guide will be on actual quizzes, midterm and final exams. It is important to do all of the homework problems that are in your Chem 62 lecture text in addition to the questions in this study guide. Make sure that you do all of the Chemical Connections homework questions that have assigned. Learn the basic principles and then be prepared to apply the principles to problems that you have not seen before. Note: It is very important to remember that Chemistry is a cumulative topic and that the material that was covered in previous chapters needs to be reviewed as this material will continue to reappear in concepts that are needed to solve new problems. The following questions are to be answered from CHEM 62 CHAPTER 18 LECTURE TEXT, LECTURE NOTES AND LECTURE SLIDES. 1. What is the structure of the carbonyl group? Give the names and structures of other functional groups that contain the carbonyl group. 2. What is a carboxylic acid? What is the name and structure of the functional group that is present in a carboxylic acid? How many hydrogen(s) are always present in a carboxylic acid functional group or carboxyl functional group? What does the symbol R represent in a molecule that has a carboxylic acid functional group or carboxyl functional group? 3. What are the three different ways to write the carboxylic acid functional group or carboxyl functional group in a condensed structure? 4. How many carbon atoms are directly bonded to the carbon atom that is part of a carboxylic acid functional group or carboxyl functional group? What is the geometry around the carbon atom that is part of a carboxylic acid functional group or carboxyl functional group? Give the general structural formula for a carboxylic acid functional group or carboxyl functional group. 5. Draw the structural formulas and condensed structural formulas and give names for formic acid, acetic acid, propanoic acid, butanoic acid and other carboxylic acids from your lecture text. Give three different ways to write the structural formulas for these 1
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carboxylic acids based on the three different ways to write the write the carboxyl functional group in a condensed structure. 6. What are the IUPAC rules for naming carboxylic acids? How is the location and presence of the carboxyl functional group indicated? Illustrate with some examples. 7. What are the IUPAC rules for naming carboxylic acids that also contain an –OH group? How is the location and presence of the carbonyl group indicated?
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2011 for the course CHEMISTRY 1022 taught by Professor Jimbloxton during the Spring '10 term at Temple.

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Chem 62 Chapter 18 (Carboxylic Acids) Optional Study Guide...

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