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Chem 1022 Chapter 14 (Alcohols, Ethers and Thiols) Optional Study Guide

Chem 1022 Chapter 14 (Alcohols, Ethers and Thiols) Optional Study Guide

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DR. JIM BLOXTON’S OPTIONAL STUDY GUIDE TO ACCOMPANY CHEM 1022 CHAPTER 14 ALCOHOLS, ETHERS, AND THIOLS Note: This is an optional study guide. This study guide is not an exhaustive list of questions that could appear on quizzes or exams. These are sample questions that may or may not be used on a quiz or midterm exam or final exam. Other questions that are not found on this study guide will be on actual quizzes, midterm and final exams. It is important to do all of the homework problems that are in your Chem 1022 lecture text in addition to the questions in this study guide. Make sure that you do all of the Chemical Connections homework questions that have assigned. Learn the basic principles and then be prepared to apply the principles to problems that you have not seen before. Note: It is very important to remember that Chemistry is a cumulative topic and that the material that was covered in previous chapters needs to be reviewed as this material will continue to reappear in concepts that are needed to solve new problems. The following questions are to be answered from CHEM 1022 CHAPTER 14 LECTURE TEXT, LECTURE NOTES AND LECTURE SLIDES. 1. What is a tincture? 2. What is the difference between an alcohol, ether and a thiol? Illustrate with some examples. 3. Give the condensed structural formula of ethanol and give some uses of ethanol. 4. Give the condensed structural formula of diethyl ether and give some uses of diethyl ether. 5. Give the condensed structural formula of ethanethiol and give some use(s) of ethanethiol. Comment on the smell of ethanethiol. 6. What is an alcohol? What is the name and structure of the functional group that is present in an alcohol? What is a hydroxyl group? What is the name and structure of the simplest alcohol? 1
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7. How many atoms are bonded to the carbon atom that is part of the alcohol? What is the geometry and bond angle around the carbon atom that is part of the alcohol? What does R stand for in the general structural formula of an alcohol? Give the general structural formula for an alcohol. Give a structural formula and names for methanol, ethanol and some other alcohols from your lecture text. 8. What ending in the IUPAC system is used to indicate the presence of an alcohol functional group? 9. What are the rules for naming an alcohol according to the IUPAC system? 10. How are the common names of alcohols derived? 11. Give the IUPAC names, common names and line structures of some alcohols. 12. Carefully study example 14.1 in the lecture text and do problem 14.1 in the lecture text. 13. What does the designations primary (1 o ), secondary (2 o ) and tertiary (3 o ) mean as applied to alcohols? 2
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14. Give definitions, examples (structures) and names of primary (1 o ), secondary (2 o ) and tertiary (3 o ) alcohols.
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