Chem 1022 Chapter 17 (Aldehydes and Ketones) Optional Study Guide

Chem 1022 Chapter 17 (Aldehydes and Ketones) Optional Study Guide

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DR. JIM BLOXTON’S OPTIONAL STUDY GUIDE TO ACCOMPANY CHEM 1022 CHAPTER 17 ALDEHYDES AND KETONES Note: This is an optional study guide. This study guide is not an exhaustive list of questions that could appear on quizzes or exams. These are sample questions that may or may not be used on a quiz or midterm exam or final exam. Other questions that are not found on this study guide will be on actual quizzes, midterm and final exams. It is important to do all of the homework problems that are in your Chem 1022 lecture text in addition to the questions in this study guide. Make sure that you do all of the Chemical Connections homework questions that have assigned. Learn the basic principles and then be prepared to apply the principles to problems that you have not seen before. Note: It is very important to remember that Chemistry is a cumulative topic and that the material that was covered in previous chapters needs to be reviewed as this material will continue to reappear in concepts that are needed to solve new problems. The following questions are to be answered from CHEM 1022 CHAPTER 17 LECTURE TEXT, LECTURE NOTES AND LECTURE SLIDES. 1. What is the structure of the carbonyl group? Give the names and structures of other functional groups that contain the carbonyl group. 2. What is an aldehyde? What is the name and structure of the functional group that is present in an aldehyde? How many hydrogen(s) are always present in an aldehyde functional group? What does the symbol R represent in a molecule that has an aldehyde functional group? 3. What are the two different ways to write the aldehyde functional group in a condensed structure? 4. How many carbon atoms are directly bonded to the carbon atom that is part of an aldehyde functional group? What is the geometry around the carbon atom that is part of an aldehyde functional group? Give the general structural formula for an aldehyde functional group. 5. Draw the structural formulas and condensed structural formulas and give names for formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and other aldehydes from your lecture text. Give two 1
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different ways to write the structural formulas for these aldehydes based on the two different ways to write the write the aldehyde functional group in a condensed structure. 6. What is a ketone? What is the name and structure of the functional group that is present in a ketone? How many hydrogen(s) are present in a ketone functional group? What does the symbol R represent in a molecule that has a ketone functional group? 7. How many carbon atoms are directly bonded to the carbon atom that is part of a ketone functional group? What is the geometry around the carbon atom that is part of a ketone functional group? Give the general structural formula for a ketone functional group. 8.
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Chem 1022 Chapter 17 (Aldehydes and Ketones) Optional Study Guide

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