Chem 1022 Chapter 19 (Carboxylic Anhydrides, Esters, And Amides) Optional Study Guide

Chem 1022 Chapter 19 (Carboxylic Anhydrides, Esters, And Amides) Optional Study Guide

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DR. JIM BLOXTON’S OPTIONAL STUDY GUIDE TO ACCOMPANY CHEM 1022 CHAPTER 19 CARBOXYLIC ANHYDRIDES, ESTERS, AND AMIDES Note: This is an optional study guide. This study guide is not an exhaustive list of questions that could appear on quizzes or exams. These are sample questions that may or may not be used on a quiz or midterm exam or final exam. Other questions that are not found on this study guide will be on actual quizzes, midterm and final exams. It is important to do all of the homework problems that are in your Chem 1022 lecture text in addition to the questions in this study guide. Make sure that you do all of the Chemical Connections homework questions that have assigned. Learn the basic principles and then be prepared to apply the principles to problems that you have not seen before. Note: It is very important to remember that Chemistry is a cumulative topic and that the material that was covered in previous chapters needs to be reviewed as this material will continue to reappear in concepts that are needed to solve new problems. The following questions are to be answered from CHEM 1022 CHAPTER 19 LECTURE TEXT, LECTURE NOTES AND LECTURE SLIDES. 1. What is the structure of the carbonyl group? Give the names and structures of other functional groups that contain the carbonyl group. 2. What is an anhydride? Draw the structure of an anhydride. What does the functional group of an anhydride consist of? Show the general equation for the formation of an anhydride from two carboxylic acids. 3. What is the difference between a symmetrical anhydride and a mixed anhydride? Give an example of each. What is an acyl group? 4. How are anhydrides named? Give some examples. 5. What is an ester? Draw the structure of an ester. What does the functional group of an ester consist of? Show the general equation for the formation of an ester from a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. 1
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How are esters named? Include the rules for both IUPAC and common names. Give some examples. 7. What are lactones? Give some examples. 8. What is an amide? Draw the structure of an amide. What does the functional group of an amide consist of? Show the general equation for the formation of an amide from a carboxylic acid and ammonia or an amine. 9. How are amides named? Include the rules for both IUPAC and common names. Also include the rules for amide nitrogen atoms that are substituted with either alkyl or aryl groups. Give some examples. 10. What are lactams? Give some examples. 11. A four-membered lactam is also called a β-lactam. Draw this β–lactam and give some examples of antibiotics that contain a β–lactam. Give both structures and names. 2
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2011 for the course CHEMISTRY 1022 taught by Professor Jimbloxton during the Spring '10 term at Temple.

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Chem 1022 Chapter 19 (Carboxylic Anhydrides, Esters, And Amides) Optional Study Guide

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