maya hist 2 - Chapter26:TrumanandtheColdWar effect of World...

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Chapter 26: Truman and the Cold War effect of World War II: - U.S. went from isolationist to military superpower and leader in world affairs - increased per-capita income of Americans—put away in savings accounts - start of an era of unprecedented prosperity and economic growth Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill) = veterans could continue their education at government expense - contributed to postwar economic expansion through a better educated workforce and promotion of new construction result of the baby boom: - growth in U.S. population between 1945 and 1960 - affected the nation’s social institutions and economic life - women became more focused on raising children and homemaking - yet women were still in the workforce result of suburban growth: - William J. Levitt – led in development of postwar suburbia with Levittown - low interest rates on mortgages = more affordable to move from city to suburb - suburbanites = mostly middle-class Americans - mass movement = nearly disastrous - cities became more poor and racially divided sunbelt states = from Florida to California - GI attraction = warmer climate, lower taxes, and economic opportunities in defense-related industries Employment Act of 1946 = promoted national economic welfare; not successful increased inflation rate – due to Democrats and Republicans wanting to relax controls of the Office of Price Administration Workers and unions wanted wages to catch up—went on strike—Truman took control. Committee on Civil Rights = Truman’s approach in challenging racial discrimination - aided efforts of black leader to end segregation in schools - brought end of racial discrimination in departments of federal govt. and the three branches of the armed forces Fair Employment Practices Commission = prevented employers from discrimination against hiring African Americans 22 nd Amendment = ratified in 1951; limits presidents to two full terms in office Taft Hartley Act (1947) – checked growing power of unions; eventually repealed - outlawed the closed shop - permitted states to pass “right to work” laws outlawing the union shop - outlawed secondary boycotts - gave the president power to invoke an 80-day cooling-off period before a strike
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endangering the national safety could be called Election of 1948
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