maya hist 3 - History Review: Unit 5 The Last West...

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History Review: Unit 5 The Last West Homestead Act of 1862 = encouraged farming on the Great Plains by offering 160 acres of public land free to any family that settled on it for a period of five years - best public lands often ended up with railroad companies and speculators Dawes Act of 1887 = designed to break up tribal organizations which were believed to have prevented Native Americans from becoming “civilized” and law-abiding citizens - divided tribal lands into plots of 160 acres or less; U.S. citizenship granted to those who stayed on land for 25 years and “adopted the habits of civilized life” William F. Cody = buffalo bill; mythical west Sand Creek Massacre = Colorado militia massacred an encampment of Cheyenne women, children, and men Great American Desert = Great Plains; lands between MS River and Pacific Coast Joseph Glidden = invented barbed-wire Chief Joseph = lead a band of the Nez Percé into Canada, ending in defeat and surrender Frederick J. Turner = wrote “The Significance of the Frontier in American History” argued that 300 years of frontier experience had played a role in shaping the character of American society - thesis = the frontier promoted a habit of independence and individualism; acted as a power social leveler, breaking down class distinctions
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maya hist 3 - History Review: Unit 5 The Last West...

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