maya psych 3 - BPsychology:Chapter8Learning learning- a...

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B Psychology: Chapter 8- Learning learning- a relatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience   associative learning- connecting events that occur in sequence; simple association between stimuli (John Locke, David Hume, Kandel)   classical learning- type of learning in which the organism learns to associate two stimuli (Ivan Pavlov)   operant conditioning- tendency of organisms to associate a response and its consequence (B.F. Skinner)   behaviorism- discarding references to mental concepts in favor of studying observable behvior (John B. Watson)   Pavlov’s classic experiment- a tone (CS) is sounded just before food (CR) is placed in the animal’s mouth   unconditioned response- ex.) animal will salivate when food is placed in its mouth   conditioned response- ex.) dogs would salivate on hearing the tone   acquistion- initial learning of a conditioned response   - classically conditioned behaviors = biologically adaptive - helps organisms prepare for food; helps preparation (being classically conditioned) for something that will happen; evolution - highly adaptive because it helps animals survive and reproduce   extinction- conditioned stimulus is presented without the unconditioned stimulus (conditioned response diminishes)   spontaneous recovery- conditioned response reappears in response to the conditioned stimulus
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2011 for the course PYSCHOLOGY 1101 taught by Professor Cameronmiller during the Spring '11 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

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maya psych 3 - BPsychology:Chapter8Learning learning- a...

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