189-103_L16_Social_Construction_of_Technology_Cont_Spring_2011

189-103_L16_Social_Construction_of_Technology_Cont_Spring_2011

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Lecture 16 1 Information Technology & Informatics (04:189:103:01) Social Construction of Technology - Continued Lecture 16 Voorhees Hall 105 Stew Mohr and Joe Sanchez ITI 103
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ITI 103 2 Today’s Agenda Reprise … will be covered in main part of lecture Another Perspective on Facebook IT in the News Social construction of technology (continued from before break) Review materials and readings for Thursday’s class Lecture 16
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Lecture 16 ITI 103 3 Another Perspective on Facebook “Can you forge your future self when you never leave the present?” (Peggy Orenstein, N. Y. Times Magazine, March 10, 2009) Asks question in context of more 35 – 54 year-olds using Facebook Can one reinvent oneself when hundreds of friends are watching? Does use of Facebook mark a return to a time when “…people remain embedded in their communities for life, with connections that (run) deep….” or Do people want to “drive a stake into the heart of their former lives” and will abandon Facebook?
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Lecture 16 ITI 103 4 IT in the News IT in the News
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Lecture 16 ITI 103 5 Social Construction of Technology Continued Social Construction of Technology Continued
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Lecture 16 ITI 103 6 Where We Started with Understanding Technology Technology Social Context Social Informatics A body of research that examines the social aspects of computerization: “The interdisciplinary study of the design, uses and consequences of information technologies that takes into account their interaction with institutional and cultural contexts.” (Kling, 1999) SCOT
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Lecture 16 ITI 103 7 Elements of Innovation “There is nothing more difficult to plan, more doubtful of success, nor more dangerous to manage than the creation of a new order of things…” Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince (1513)
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Lecture 16 ITI 103 8 What Do Case Studies Tell Us? They provide a rich description. They give us details not possible in aggregate or quantitative studies. They’re considered “qualitative studies.” They’re instructive. They allow for deductive reasoning. Bjiker offers us a case study (the development and adoption of the bicycle) from which we can deduce understanding of other technologies, in particular, INFORMATION technologies .
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Lecture 16 ITI 103 9 Prof. Wiebe Bijker will try to convince us that technology is socially constructed. His central premise is that… One should never take the meaning of a technical artifact or technological system as residing in the technology itself (p. 6) The Social Construction of Technology
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Lecture 16 ITI 103 10 A Technology Model Based on Bijker’s Work What are the components of our study model based on Bijker? Setting: key groups, problems, solutions and artifacts that existed prior to its development Relevant social groups: designers, producers, users and non-users of the whole sociotechnical system Problems: of all relevant social groups, with both the working and non-working artifacts Solutions: to problems as defined through this non-linear view
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Lecture 16 ITI 103 11
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