e_614 - quot at ion and par aphr ases s 3/30/11 a l esson...

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3/30/11 Quotations are word-for-word excerpts from a source. Smith 1 Sally Smith Dr. Andrea Jones ENGL 230-81 11 December 2009 Cattle and the Creature: Frankenstein and the Livestock Breeding Experiments of the Eighteenth Century In the sixty years leading up to the initial publication of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein in 1818, Britain was caught in a whirlwind of change. And though much critical consideration has been given to the socio-political contexts of the novel’s inception —including the nearby French Revolution and Romantic literature and political philosophies—there is surprisingly little discussion on the effects of Britain’s Agricultural Revolution on the thematic formation of the text. Though Britain was fast approaching industrialization by 1818, recent changes in farming and animal husbandry had radically altered the way Western Europeans ate and thought about eating. New discoveries in crop and livestock propagation and management were quickly filling the bellies of hungry urbanites. In the era of the primary events of Frankenstein —the end of the eighteenth century—the new and unfamiliar ways of cultivating food were not going unquestioned, but a rising cattle culture, visible in everything from popular art to the dinner table, was taking hold and coming to define Britons as “barons of beef” (Ritvo). Mary Shelley was not immune to the sweeping changes in Britain’s food supplies and desires resulting from this revolution. Learning of Robert Bakewell, the famed agriculturalist whose obsessively perfected breeds “would fatten the most readily, and be the most valuable when fat” (Knight 12), Shelley and her husband Percy lamented the state “would fatten the most readily and be the most valuable when fat” (Knight 12).
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2011 for the course ED 101 taught by Professor Propas during the Spring '11 term at Grand Valley State.

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e_614 - quot at ion and par aphr ases s 3/30/11 a l esson...

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