Test 5 Reading Comprehension

Test 5 Reading Comprehension - Test 5 Reading Comprehension...

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Test 5 Reading Comprehension (Heinemann) Questions 1-10 Long ago prehistoric man began to domesticate a number of wild plants and animals for his own use. After centuries of being nomadic, of moving from place to place in pursuit of game or of fresh supplies of plant food, humans were finally Line able to stay in one place and systematically exploit the seasonal resources of one (5) locality. This not only provided more abundant food but also allowed more people to live on a smaller plot of ground. As a result, societies developed knowledge and experience about the world around them; our present-day pets, livestock, and food plants were taken from the wild and developed into the forms we know today. As centuries passed and human cultures evolved and blossomed, humans (10) began to organize their knowledge of nature into the broad field of natural history. One aspect of early natural history concerned the use of plants for drugs and medicine. The early herbalists sometimes overworked their imaginations in this respect. For instance, it was widely believed that a plant or part of a plant that resembled an internal organ would cure ailments of that organ. Thus, an extract (15) made from a heart-shaped leaf might be prescribed for a person suffering from heart problems. All early societies included individuals who learned to use plants for medicinal purposes. Salves, potions, and brews made from leaves, roots, and the fruits of plants were devised to cure illnesses, to heal wounds, to ward off depression, and even as birth-control measures for women. Often the early (20) herbalists of a society guarded the knowledge of medicinal uses of plants for their select group. They became very powerful members of the early societies and were sometimes credited with magical or religious powers. Nevertheless, the overall contributions of these early observers provided the rudiments of our present knowledge of drugs and their uses. 1. What does this passage mainly discuss? (A) One aspect of early natural history (B) The beginning of agriculture (C) Drugs and their uses (D) The imagination of prehistoric man 2. According to the passage, domestication of plants and animals probably occurred because of (A) need for more readily available food (B) lack of wild animals and plants (C) early man's power as a hunter (D) the desire of prehistoric man to be nomadic 3. The word "this" in line 5 refers to (A) providing food for man (B) man's domestication of plants and animals (C) man's ability to live on a smaller plot of land (D) the earliest condition of prehistoric man 4. The word "blossomed" in line 9 is closest in meaning to (A) produced flowers (B) changed (C) learned (D) flourished 5. It can be inferred from the passage that an herbalist is which of the following? (A) A dreamer
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Test 5 Reading Comprehension - Test 5 Reading Comprehension...

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