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Unformatted text preview: Toefl test Read the passage below and answer question 1. ASTHMA About 17 million children and adults in the United States suffer from asthma, a condition that makes it hard to breathe. Today it is a problem that is treatable with modern medicine. In days gone by, there were many different superstitions about how to cure asthma. Some people thought that eating crickets with a little wine would help. Eating raw cat's meat might be the cure. Another idea was to gather some spiders' webs, roll them into a ball, and then swallow them. People also thought that if you ate a diet of only boiled carrots for two weeks, your asthma might go away. This carrot diet may actually have done some good for asthma patients, since vitamin A in carrots is good for the lungs. 1. The main purpose of the passage is to: a. Describe herbal remedies b. Explain some of the measures for treating asthma from long ago c. Define superstitions d. Extol the virtues of modern medicine e. Explain why asthma came about Read the passage below and answer question 2. BLACK HISTORY MONTH Black History Month is unnecessary. In a place and time in which we overwhelmingly elected an African- American president, we can and should move to a postracial approach to education. As Detroit Free Press columnist Rochelle Riley wrote in a February 1 column calling for an end to Black History Month, "I propose that, for the first time in American history, this country has reached a point where we can stop celebrating separately, stop learning separately, stop being American separately." In addition to being unnecessary, the idea that African-American history should be focused on in a given month suggests that it belongs in that month alone. Instead it is important to incorporate African-American history into what is taught every day as American history. It needs to be recreated as part of mainstream thought and not as an optional, often irrelevant, side note. We should focus efforts on pushing schools to diversify and broaden their curricula. There are a number of other reasons to abolish it. First of all, it has become a shallow commercial ritual that does not even succeed in its (limited and misguided) goal of focusing for one month on a sophisticated, intelligent appraisal of the contributions and experiences of African-Americans throughout history. Second, there is a paternalistic flavor to the mandated bestowing of a month in which to study African-American history that is overcome if we instead assert the need for a comprehensive curriculum. Third, the idea of Black History Month suggests that the knowledge imparted in that month is for African-Americans only, rather than for all people. 2. The author's primary purpose in Passage 2 is to: a. Argue that Black History Month should not be so commercial b. Argue that Black History Month should be abolished c. Argue that Black History Month should be maintained d. Suggest that African-American history should be taught in two months rather than just oned....
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