1. Carnival includes everyone. Footlights are bad. 2. Carnival is associated to carnivalesque 3. Carnivalesque is a feature of menippean satire because menippean satire targets a group, not an individual 4. Holberg states that he targets groups, not individuals in his letter. 3. Ravelais and his World (10): On the contrary, all were considered equal during carnival. Here, in the town square, a special form of free and familiar contact reigned among people who were usually divide by the barriers of caste, property, profession, and age. 2. Rabelais and his world: Bakhtin links the Carnival: i.e. feast of fools (10), [n the carnival, as we have seen, social hierarchies of everyday life—their solemnities and pieties and etiquettes, as well as all ready-made truths—are profaned and overturned by normally suppressed voices and energies. Thus, fools become wise, kings become beggars; opposites are mingled (fact and fantasy, heaven and hell).(wiki)] to carnivalesque, where it’s a literary mode that destroys assumed typical dominance and structure using
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