Section 3 The Cold War at Home Notes Blank.docx - The Cold...

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The Cold War at Home: During the late 1940s and early 1950s, fear of communism leads to reckless charges against innocent citizens. I. Fear of Communist Influence a. American Sentiments i. Communist takeover of Eastern Europe, China fuel fear of its spread ii. 100,000 in U.S. Communist Party; some fear may be loyal to U.S.S.R. b. Loyalty Review Board i. Truman accused of being soft on Communism ii. Sets up Federal Employee Loyalty Program to investigate employees iii. 1947–1951 loyalty boards investigate 3.2 million, dismiss 212 c. The House Un-American Activities Committee i. House Un-American Activities Committee investigates Communist ties ii. Investigates Communist influence in movie industry iii. Hollywood Ten refuse to testify, sent to prison 1. Hollywood blacklist—people with Communist ties, cannot get work d. The McCarran Act i. Act—unlawful to plan action that might lead to totalitarianism 1. Truman vetoes, says violates free thought; 2. Congress overrides veto II. Spy Cases Stun the Nation a. Alger Hiss i.

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