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Japanese_Gardens_Lecture_Notes_BB_11 - Cal Poly State...

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Cal Poly State University, San Luis Obispo College of Architecture and Environmental Design Landscape Architecture Department LA 211 Winter Quarter 2011 Astrid F. Reeves Japanese Gardens Japan: Group of mountainous islands Temperate climate Only 20% land can be cultivated Japanese religion/belief system incorporates the arts Japanese Garden History: 784 – 1185 Heian Period – Pure Land, Jodo sect of Buddhism, peace and harmony in paradise, pagodas, lotus blossoms, boats on celestial ponds 1185 – 1392 Kamakura Period – introduction of Zen Buddhism, transition period 1392 – 1568 Muromachi Period - artistic ideals were on restraint and simplicity 1568 – 1615 Momoyama Period – Samurai become powerful. Pure Land sect is persecuted 1615 – 1867 Edo Period – Tea ceremony popular. Samurai are educated in literature and the arts. Influences Niwa: Shinto: Buddhism: Zen Buddhism: Kami: Spirits Tokonoma: Pagoda: Tori Gates: Shoji: Shakkei: Borrowed Landscape Chinese Influences: 606 Buddhism is brought to China via Korea Yin/Yang Paintings showing man and the environment Hermit’s retreat house – Tea House
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