LA211Final_Study_Guide_11

LA211Final_Study_Guide_11 - Cal P oly State Univ ersity, S...

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Cal Poly State University, San Luis Obispo College of Architecture and Environmental Design Landscape Architecture Department LA 211 Winter 2011 Astrid F. Reeves Review for the Final….A Study Guide The following are areas you should focus on: Renaissance 1. A new spirit - rebirth of classical ideas and discovery of humanity (Humanist) 2. Classical Design 3. Time of Transcendence Redefinition and expansion of design form and logic 1. Symmetry 2. Perspective 3. Proportional balance the ‘Fibonacci Sequence’ (Leonardo Fibonacci +/- 1200 AD) a. Dynamic Rectangle b. Golden Section 4. Art and design phases of the Renaissance a. Early and High Renaissance (Which gardens are examples of this style?) b. Mannerism: what is Mannerism? (Which gardens are examples of this style?) c. Baroque (Which gardens are examples of this style?) Italian Renaissance Villas 1. Villa Medici at Fiesole (1458-1461) Early Renaissance influence Leon Battista Alberti 2. Villa d'Este at Tivoli (begun in 1549) High Renaissance influence, Hydrological Engineer: Orazio Olivieri 3. Villa Lante at Bagnaia (begun in 1566) Mannerist influence Other Terms: Parterre, Casino (Casini), Water Chain, Catena d’acqua, Pergola, water organ, water table, Bosco, Loggia, Grotto Who are the people involved in the design of a renaissance garden? Compare and Contrast the gardens of Villa d’Este with those of Villa Lante. Layout, expressions, use of stairs, ramps, buildings, etc. How is water transported to make the huge fountains at Villa d’Este so magnificent? What is a humanist? What is a mannerist? What is an allegory? Be able to give examples of how this is expressed in each garden. Piano Nobile? Who are the Medici’s and why are they important? What is significant about the design of Mannerist Gardens? What are the differences between Early Renaissance and Mannerist Gardens?
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2011 for the course LA 211 taught by Professor Reeves during the Winter '11 term at Cal Poly.

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LA211Final_Study_Guide_11 - Cal P oly State Univ ersity, S...

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