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LA 211 Study Guide

LA 211 Study Guide - Landscape Architecture 211 Study Guide...

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Landscape Architecture 211 Study Guide Authors Gurpal Bhoot Submission Date Lab Date Instructor Table of Contents
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1. Table of Figures List of Tables 2. Lab 2 – CMOS VTC and Noise Margins Page 2 of 17
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3. Introduction 1. American Society of Landscape Architects 1.1. What is their mission? a) To lead, educate and participate in the careful stewardship, wise planning and artful design of our cultural and natural environments. 1.2. What is Landscape Architecture? a) Landscape Architecture encompasses the analysis, planning, design, management and stewardship of the natural and built environments. 2. What are the four types of Cultural Landscapes according to the Cultural Landscape Foundation? a) Designed Landscape – Designed or laid out by a landscape architect. b) Vernacular Landscape – Evolved through use by the people, social or cultural attitudes. c) Historic Site – Association with a historic event. d) Ethnographic Landscape – Contains a variety of natural and cultural resources. 3. Understanding and knowledge of the cosmos is important. a) Why? 4. Axis Mundi a) Our place/relationship with the earth and sky. b) Point of connection between earth, sky and four cardinal points. 5. Genius Loci a) Gives us a sense of place b) People and Place c) Protective spirit of a place Lab 2 – CMOS VTC and Noise Margins Page 3 of 17
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4. Ancient Civilizations 1. Caves and Grottos a) Connection to the underworld b) Womb of the earth or mother goddess c) Sound Chambers d) Sacred Grottos a. Grotto – type of natural or artificial cave, associated with modern, historic or prehistoric use. 2. Venus of Willendorf a) Who is she? High statuette of a female figure b) What does she represent? Represents a woman. 3. Anasazi and Pueblos 3.1. Kiva a) Room used by modern Puebloans for religious rituals. b) Sipapu (Hopi) – the small hole in the floor of a Kiva that symbolizes the portal through which the ancient ancestors first emerged to enter the world. c) Usually entered through the roof. 3.2. Three Sister Corps – main agricultural corps a) Squash b) Maize c) Climbing Beans 4. Teotihuacan a) Strong central authority b) Planned city with cosmos c) Avenue of the Dead oriented North-South d) Pyramid of Sun faces due west Lab 2 – CMOS VTC and Noise Margins Page 4 of 17
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5. 1. Mesopotamia – “Land between the Rivers” 1.1. Mesop otamian Civilization a) Alluvial sift, infertile until drained b) Wheat and Barley (government controlled seed storage and division of lands) c) Clay and mud buildings in most cities d) Sophisticated Irrigation Systems ( QANATS ) e) 1/3 City, 1/3 Field & 1/3 Garden 1.2. What is the Fertile Crescent? a) Region in Western Asia, includes fertile regions of Mesopotamia. b) The region was so named due to its rich soil and crescent shape. 1.3. Qanats a) Sophisticated Irrigation System from ancient Persia (Iran) b) The qanat system allowed water to flow underground from a spring to areas where it was needed over huge distances.
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