Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHAPTER 17 VALUATION AND CAPITAL BUDGETING FOR THE LEVERED FIRM Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. APV is equal to the NPV of the project (i.e. the value of the project for an unlevered firm) plus the NPV of financing side effects. 2. The WACC is based on a target debt level while the APV is based on the amount of debt. 3. FTE uses levered cash flow and other methods use unlevered cash flow. 4. The WACC method does not explicitly include the interest cash flows, but it does implicitly include the interest cost in the WACC. If he insists that the interest payments are explicitly shown, you should use the FTE method. 5. You can estimate the unlevered beta from a levered beta. The unlevered beta is the beta of the assets of the firm; as such, it is a measure of the business risk. Note that the unlevered beta will always be lower than the levered beta (assuming the betas are positive). The difference is due to the leverage of the company. Thus, the second risk factor measured by a levered beta is the financial risk of the company. Solutions to Questions and Problems NOTE: All end-of-chapter problems were solved using a spreadsheet. Many problems require multiple steps. Due to space and readability constraints, when these intermediate steps are included in this solutions manual, rounding may appear to have occurred. However, the final answer for each problem is found without rounding during any step in the problem. Basic 1. a. The maximum price that the company should be willing to pay for the fleet of cars with all- equity funding is the price that makes the NPV of the transaction equal to zero. The NPV equation for the project is: NPV = –Purchase Price + PV[(1 – t C )(EBTD)] + PV(Depreciation Tax Shield) If we let P equal the purchase price of the fleet, then the NPV is: NPV = –P + (1 – .35)($120,000)PVIFA 10%,5 + (.35)(P/5)PVIFA 10%,5
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
SOLUTIONS B-346 Setting the NPV equal to zero and solving for the purchase price, we find: 0 = –P + (1 – .35)($120,000)PVIFA 10%,5 + (.35)(P/5)PVIFA 10%,5 P = $295,681.37 + (P)(0.35/5)PVIFA 10%,5 P = $295,681.37 + .2654P .7346P = $295,681.37 P = $402,482.01 b. The adjusted present value (APV) of a project equals the net present value of the project if it were funded completely by equity plus the net present value of any financing side effects. In this case, the NPV of financing side effects equals the after-tax present value of the cash flows resulting from the firm’s debt, so: APV = NPV(All-Equity) + NPV(Financing Side Effects) So, the NPV of each part of the APV equation is: NPV(All-Equity) NPV = –Purchase Price + PV[(1 – t C )(EBTD)] + PV(Depreciation Tax Shield) The company paid $375,000 for the fleet of cars. Because this fleet will be fully depreciated over five years using the straight-line method, annual depreciation expense equals: Depreciation = $375,000/5 Depreciation = $75,000 So, the NPV of an all-equity project is: NPV = –$375,000 + (1 – 0.35)($120,000)PVIFA
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/30/2011 for the course FIN 5514 taught by Professor Jaffe during the Three '11 term at University of New South Wales.

Page1 / 18


This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online