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Ch_3_Ques_&_Brief_Exercises - ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS...

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ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 1. Examples are: (a) Payment of an accounts payable. (b) Collection of an accounts receivable from a customer. (c) Transfer of an accounts payable to a note payable. 2. Transactions (a), (b), (d) are considered business transactions and are recorded in the accounting records because a change in assets, liabilities, or equities has been effected as a result of a transfer of values from one party to another. Transactions (c) and (e) are not business transactions because a transfer of values has not resulted, nor can the event be considered financial in nature and capable of being expressed in terms of money. 3. Transaction (a): Accounts Receivable (debit), Service Revenue (credit). Transaction (b): Cash (debit), Accounts Receivable (credit). Transaction (c): Office Supplies (debit), Accounts Payable (credit). Transaction (d): Delivery Expense (debit), Cash (credit). 4. Revenue and expense accounts are referred to as temporary or nominal accounts because each period they are closed out to Income Summary in the closing process. Their balances are reduced to zero at the end of the accounting period; therefore, the term temporary or nominal is sometimes given to these accounts. 5. The double-entry system means that for every debit amount there must be a credit amount and vice-versa. At least two accounts are affected. It does not mean that each transaction must be recorded twice. 6. Although it is not absolutely necessary that a trial balance be taken periodically, it is customary and desirable. The trial balance accomplishes two principal purposes: (1) It tests the accuracy of the entries in that it proves that debits and credits of an equal amount are in the ledger. (2) It provides a list of ledger accounts and their balances which may be used in preparing the financial statements and in supplying financial data about the concern. 7. (a) Real account; balance sheet. (b) Real account; balance sheet. (c) Merchandise inventory is generally considered a real account appearing on the balance sheet. It has the elements of a nominal account when the periodic inventory system is used. It may appear on the income statement when the multiple-step format is used. (d) Real account; balance sheet. (e) Real account; balance sheet. (f) Nominal account; income statement. (g) Nominal account; income statement. (h) Real account; balance sheet. 8. At December 31, the three days wages due to the employees represent a current liability. The related expense must be recorded in this period to properly reflect the expense incurred.
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9. (a) In a service company, revenues are service revenues and expenses are operating expenses. In a merchandising company, revenues are sales revenues
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