Privacy and Libel Class Notes

Privacy and Libel Class Notes - PrivacyandLibel(ch4&5)...

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Online: Websites have immunity from user posts User terms hold individuals liable for defamatory posts The Red and Black newspaper bears responsibility for letters to the editor  in the paper Section 230 The originator always has liability (if the story is libelous) Defamation- tied to the notion of “shunning”, loss of social circle, friends Economic repercussions- one must be very careful when referring to a  person’s occupation Opinion statements can be harsh but are purely subjective Defamation law assumes that if you have the chance to think ill of someone,  you will The law allows people to sue for defamation because it is human nature for  people to gossip Its difficult to get your reputation back once its been challenged Most arrests do not lead to a conviction, so reporters must choose their words  carefully Defamation has to be a false statement Elements of defamation Falsity Statement of fact, not opinion Identification (through name, description) Of and concerning the specific person Defamation of large groups not possible (group: people with common  attributes) Publication to a 3 rd  party When there is a legal definition of a term (ex. Child abuse) then defamation is  possible A dead person cannot be defamed- their reputation goes with them A person has to have a good reputation to begin with to be defamed Any legal proceedings can lead to defamation, even if there is no conviction Journalists are free to report on information in police reports as long as they  correctly identify the person in the reports
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Defamatory statements have to be credible to be defamatory, if statements  are obviously not true or credible they are not considered defamatory Rhetorical hyperbole- words so exaggerated that they are incapable of factual  interpretation Greenbelt Cooperative Publishing Association vs. Bresler- the statement was  not defamatory because of the use of rhetorical hyperbole Publication or communication to a 3 rd  party is necessary for defamation,  communication to at least 1 other person
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2011 for the course JRLC 5040 taught by Professor Lee during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Privacy and Libel Class Notes - PrivacyandLibel(ch4&5)...

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