chapter01 - Our Goals in this Course To be introduced to...

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Our Goals in this Course To be introduced to the different ways psychologists create knowledge about the brain, mind and behavior Clinical Biological Social Cognitive To appreciate the necessary role of the scientific method in the process of creating that knowledge Log on to Sakai Resources Syllabus Chat room
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How to take notes in this class You must already have read the chapter. My lectures come from the chapter only. They will help you understand principles and see relationships, and to know what is emphasized. Print out each power point lecture before class, bring it to class and write your notes on your print-out. (print settings black and white) Afterward, use the textbook to fill in the gaps. Test yourself with the electronic study guide Hidden slides, revisions
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Chapter 1 What is Psychology?
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What is Psychology? Greek roots: Psyche – “soul” or “mind” Logos – “word” Psychology is the systematic study of behavior and mind .
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Module 1.1 The Goals of Psychologists To understand, explain and predict behavior.
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The Goals of Psychologists Major philosophical issues that are relevant to Psychologists:
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The Major Philosophical Issues Free Will Versus Determinism Are the causes of behavior knowable, and is behavior predictable? Free will - belief that behavior is caused by an individual’s independent decision-making. Determinism - assumption that everything has a cause or determinant in the observable world.
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Which Perspective Holds that Behavior is Fully Predictable? A determinist assumes that everything that happens has a cause that can be known. A believer in free will assumes that even with complete information regarding causes and conditions, predictions regarding human behavior can never be fully accurate.
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The Major Philosophical Issues The Mind-Brain Problem How is experience related to the organ system called the brain? Dualism is the belief that mind is separate from brain but somehow controls the brain and body. Monism is the view that conscious experience is generated by and therefore is inseparable from the brain.
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Data from brain imaging research such as PET (positron emission tomography) suggests that brain activity and mental activity are two aspects of the same thing. This question is not yet resolved, mainly because imaging the human brain is in its infancy.
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The Major Philosophical Issues The Nature-Nurture Issue How do differences in behavior relate to differences in heredity versus environment ? Some scientists assume that differences in potential and in behavior are due to the influence of genes. Some scientists assume that most differences
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chapter01 - Our Goals in this Course To be introduced to...

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