chapter13 - Chapter 13 Social Psychology Social Psychology...

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Chapter 13 Social Psychology
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Social Psychology Social Psychologists are interested in the ways people influence and are influenced by each other. Social psychology is a diverse field incorporating the study of attitudes and perceptions stereotypes persuasion behaviors of people in their relationships with others
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Evolution and Behavior Sociobiology is a field that tries to explain the social behaviors of a species in terms of its biology and evolutionary history. An animal that interacts with others in its species in certain ways that increase the probability of survival and reproduction is more likely to pass on its genes than another who does not.
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Evolution and Behavior Sociobiology example: A male bird that helps in nest building (and later rearing the offspring) may be more likely to find a mate than a male that does not. Thus the trait of nest-building will be more likely to be passed on to offspring. Also, the male’s help may give its offspring a better chance to survive. Thus male offspring of this male will be more numerous
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Cooperation and Competition
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The Power of the Social Situation Behavior Traps We are often quite judgmental when we see people who have done something that seems senseless or foolish from our standpoint (but not their standpoint). Under some circumstances, most of us are capable of the same behaviors we criticize in others.
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The Power of the Social Situation Behavior Traps Situations sometimes influence, even coerce us, into self- defeating behaviors. We refer to these situations as behavior traps because we often wander into them without anticipating the danger until it is too late. There are several categories of behavior traps.
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Behavior Traps Escalation of Conflict Once a conflict is started, it is often very difficult for the participants to quit, even when the situation becomes harmful for them. Psychologists have held auctions for 1.00 bills with two bidders: higher bidder gets the dollar. loser has to pay his/her highest bid to the experimenter. Some bidders were willing to pay 25.00 for the single dollar just to successfully outbid an opponent.
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Behavior Traps The Prisoner’s Dilemma A prisoner’s dilemma is a situation in which a person must choose between: a cooperative act an act beneficial only to him or herself and hurtful to others. Two guilty prisoners in separate rooms (partners in a robbery). Suppose you’re one. Should you confess? Table shows the possibilities -->
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Guilty . Each person is given this set of possible outcomes. Each person considering the choices alone finds it beneficial to confess. But when both people
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Michaelleyton during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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chapter13 - Chapter 13 Social Psychology Social Psychology...

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