chapter16 - Chapter 16 Specific Disorders and Treatments...

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Chapter 16 Specific Disorders and Treatments
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Module 16.1 Anxiety and Avoidance Disorders
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Disorders Characterized by Excessive Anxiety Anxiety refers to a certain amount of fear and caution in the face of potential hazards. A certain amount of anxiety is normal. Anxiety is considered pathological when it interferes with daily functioning.
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Disorders Characterized by Excessive Anxiety Generalized Anxiety Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is the experience of almost constant and exaggerated worry. There is no basis for the worries but the person is tense, irritable and tired. About 5% of the general population will experience GAD. Often it is co-diagnosed with other mood disorders such as depression.
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Disorders Characterized by Excessive Anxiety Panic Disorder Panic disorder is experienced by 1-3% of adults and occurs in many cultures. More women than men are diagnosed Panic Disorder. Hyperventilation , or rapid deep breathing, is a key symptom.
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Disorders Characterized by Excessive Anxiety Panic Disorder Panic Disorder (PD) also involves anxiety but is characterized by occasional attacks of panic. Panic attacks involve rapid breathing, increased heart rate, chest pains, sweating, trembling and faintness Note sympathetic activation). Panic attacks usually last just a few minutes, but can be much longer.
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Disorders Characterized by Excessive Anxiety Panic Disorder Hyperventilation Sympathetic arousal Interpret as NOT a threat Interpret as a THREAT Increased arousal, panic Anxiety Reminders of previous attacks Other influences (exertion)
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Disorders Characterized by Excessive Anxiety Panic Disorder Treatments for Panic Disorder include: Psychotherapy Anti-depressant drugs (e.g., Prozac) Advice: “Don’t worry about panic attacks; they won’t kill you.”
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Disorders Characterized by Excessive Anxiety Panic Disorder Common co-existing disorders include: Social phobia – severe avoidance of other people and fear of doing anything in public. Agoraphobia – an intense fear of open or public places.
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Disorders Characterized by Excessive Anxiety Phobias Avoidance behaviors are highly resistant to extinction. Phobia is the most common type disorder involving avoidance behaviors. A phobia is strong and persistent fear of a specific object or situation – so strong it interferes with daily living.
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Most phobias do not last a lifetime. Young people with phobias often lose them by middle age. Prevalence of Phobias
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Disorders Characterized by Excessive Avoidance Phobias Acquiring a phobia Some fears are innate but most fears are learned . Some phobias can be traced to a specific event. The early behaviorists were the first to demonstrate
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Michaelleyton during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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chapter16 - Chapter 16 Specific Disorders and Treatments...

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